Chronology of proclamations of Emergency in Malaysia


KUALA LUMPUR (Bernama): Yang di-Pertuan Agong Al-Sultan Abdullah Ri'ayatuddin Al-Mustafa Billah Shah proclaimed, on Tuesday (Jan 12), an Emergency that will be enforced up to Aug 1 as a proactive measure to contain the worsening Covid-19 pandemic in Malaysia.

It is the ninth Emergency to have ever been declared in the country’s history.

Following is a chronology of proclamations of Emergency in Malaysia:

Malayan Emergency (1948-1960)

The Malayan Emergency was declared by the British in then Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia) in 1948 and this lasted until 1960 to counter the insurgency of the Communist Party of Malaysia.

Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation (1964)

The Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation was a conflict that stemmed from Indonesia’s opposition against the formation of Malaysia.

First Malaysian Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj declared a state of Emergency when the Indonesian army invaded the Malaysian border.

Sarawak (1966)

The government declared a proclamation of Emergency in Sarawak on Sept 14,1966, following a political crisis involving the Federal government and the first Sarawak Chief Minister Tan Sri Stephen Kalong Ningkan.

May 13 Racial Riot (1969)

The May 13 racial riot incident took place in 1969 following provocations triggered after the Malaysian general election.

Parliament was suspended and the National Operations Council (Mageran) was established to restore peace and stability in the country.

Kelantan (1977)

An Emergency was declared by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong Sultan Yahya Petra, who was also the then Sultan of Kelantan, on Nov 8,1977.

The declaration was made following a political crisis involving the then Kelantan Menteri Besar Datuk Muhammad Nasir.

Haze (1997, 2005, 2013)

Apart from Emergencies caused by political issues and inter-racial conflicts, haze Emergency were also declared in 1997 (Sarawak), 2005 (Klang) and 2013 (Muar and Ledang).

The Emergency was declared after air pollution reached dangerous levels in the areas.

Batu Sapi Parliamentary Constituency Emergency (2020)

Yang di-Pertuan Agong Al-Sultan Abdullah Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mustafa Billah Shah, on Nov 18,2020, made a proclamation of Emergency for the Batu Sapi parliamentary constituency, in effect cancelling the by-election for the seat.

The Declaration of Emergency Proclamation for P185 Batu Sapi, Sabah, was implemented as a proactive step to curb the spread of Covid-19.

Gerik Parliamentary and Bugaya State Constituency Emergency (2020)

The Yang di-Pertuan Agong Al-Sultan Abdullah Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mustafa Billah Shah made a proclamation of Emergency for the Gerik Parliamentary constituency in Perak and Bugaya state constituency in Sabah on Dec 16,2020.

The by-elections for both seats, which were scheduled to be held simultaneously on Jan 16,2021, were cancelled and postponed.

Declaration of Emergency Proclamation (2021)

The King, Yang di-Pertuan Agong Al-Sultan Abdullah Ri'ayatuddin Al-Mustafa Billah Shah, proclaimed an Emergency on Tuesday (Jan 12) that will be enforced up to Aug 1 as a proactive measure to contain the worsening Covid-19 pandemic in Malaysia.

Al-Sultan Abdullah also consented to a government proposal to set up an independent committee that will make recommendations to His Majesty if it deems fit that the emergency can be withdrawn much earlier than Aug 1. - Bernama

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