The programme aims to produce at least 19,000 units of four-wheeled vehicles and 750,000 units of two-wheeled vehicles by 2025.
Based on data as of Dec 16 this year, the ministry estimated that if such a number of electric vehicles had been provided in the country by 2025, there would be a potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 283,000 tons of CO2-e (Carbon dioxide equivalent).
"We need extraordinary work and good synergy to achieve the target that has been set. We hope that we can continue to contribute to this program of providing battery-based electric motorised vehicles with all possible activities," Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources Arifin Tasrif said at a public launching of the programme on Thursday (Dec 17).
According to the minister, the commitment to meeting the target is still tentative as the number may continue to increase due to the enthusiasm of all stakeholders to support the production of electric vehicles which are environmentally friendly in the future.
This figure shows that the potential to provide and use the electric vehicles is very large, and requires cooperation and active participation from all elements of the pentahelix (the government, people, academicians, business community and mass media) in the electric vehicle ecosystem, the minister said.
Meanwhile, the country plans to build charging stations at 2,400 spots, and battery exchange stations at 10,000 spots by 2025, he said.
"The use of electric vehicles is also expected to improve the air quality and support the achievement of national greenhouse gas emission reduction targets,” he said, adding that this is in line with Indonesia's commitment to the Paris Agreement, which is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 29 percent in 2030 and 41 percent with international assistance.
The Indonesian Engineers Association predicted major changes to the transportation sector in Indonesia.
"In a few decades from now Indonesia will be flooded with electric vehicles and electric vehicles without drivers (autonomous), along with the development of technology and innovation," the association’s Chairman Heru Dewanto in his statement.
According to Dewanto, four main features will mark future transportation and mobility trends, namely autonomous, connected, electrified, and shared (ACES), not to mention the potential for blockchain technology to complement these features in the near future.
In a webinar entitled "Technology Innovation and Business in Transportation Sector", Dewanto explained that Indonesia is currently in the 4th phase of urban transportation evolution, with ride-hailing platforms (online services) becoming an integral part of everyday life.
Meanwhile, Bambang Riyanto, a professor at the Bandung Institute of Technology in West Java, explained that until 2025 there would be at least 10 million autonomous electric vehicles to be used on the roads.
For this reason, a policy and a framework are needed so that autonomous vehicles could be operated in the new national capital city (which was expected to be in East Kalimantan province) and major cities in the country, he said.
He suggested t government conduct a comparative study on other countries' regulation of autonomous electric vehicles. - Xinhua