PETALING JAYA: Malaysia’s population this year is estimated at 32.7 million, up from 32.5 million in 2019, with an annual growth rate of 0.4%.
Chief Statistician Datuk Seri Dr Mohd Uzir Mahidin (pic) said the decline in the nation’s population growth rate was due to the decrease in the number of non-citizens from 3.1 million in 2019 to three million this year.
“This is in line with the closure of our national borders and the return of foreigners to their respective countries during the movement control order (MCO) period following the Covid-19 pandemic,” he said while presenting the findings in an online press conference yesterday.
Out of the estimated population of 32.7 million, 29.7 million were citizens while three million were non-citizens.
“The growth rate of citizens remained stable at 1.1%, with the population increasing from 29.4 million in 2019 to 29.7 million in 2020,” he said.
Meanwhile, Malaysia is increasingly headed towards being an ageing nation, with the percentage of the population aged 0-14 years decreasing to 23.3% compared to 23.5% in 2019.
The overall percentage of those in the 15-64 year group, or the working age, also decreased from 69.8% in 2019 to 69.7% in 2020.
Mohd Uzir said that this was due to the reduction in the size of the country’s non-citizen population, which mainly comprised foreign workers.
“The percentage of the population aged 65 years and over, or old age, also increased from 6.7% to 7% over the same period,” he said.
At 16.8 million, males continue to outnumber the 15.9 million females, with the sex ratio as a whole nation remaining at 106 males to 100 females in 2020.
Ethnic Indians and Chinese continued to show a decline in the population, while of the 29.7 million citizens, the percentage of bumiputras rose from 0.3% to 69.6% in 2020, compared to 69.3% in 2019.
“Chinese and Indian populations declined, with the former at 22.6% this year compared to 22.8% in 2019, and 6.9% compared to 6.8% in 2019 for the latter.
“Others remained at 1%,” he said.
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