One of the long-term impacts observed during the Covid-19 pandemic stems from patients being intubated and breathing from a ventilator for an extended period of time.
These patients usually undergo a procedure known as a tracheostomy.
The trachea, also known as the windpipe, allows air to pass between the upper respiratory tract and the lungs.
In cases of respiratory failure, prolonged intubation and tracheostomy can lead to a rare complication of a narrowing of the trachea called tracheal stenosis.
“We’ve seen so many people with respiratory failure after Covid-19,” says Mayo Clinic cardiothoracic surgeon Dr Ian Makey.
“Whether from prolonged intubation or from tracheostomy, scarring can occur, and patients can develop tracheal stenosis.”
He says patients with tracheal stenosis may be candidates for tracheal resection and reconstruction surgery.
The surgery involves removing a damaged section of trachea and rejoining the two healthy ends.
Dr Makey explains that the surgery takes several hours and requires continuous ventilation.
“We’ve been seeing quite a few of these cases after Covid-19 diagnoses,” he says.
Recovery from tracheal resection and reconstruction varies by patient, but he says patients are typically released from the hospital within five days.
For the first few weeks after surgery, the patient should keep their neck in a flexed position to allow the trachea to heal without tension.
However, breathing is restored right away.
“Getting back to a normal life without being short of breath or having laboured breathing with everyday activities is a good thing,” Dr Makey says.
Tracheal resection and reconstruction is not required for every patient.
Rather, he says this surgery is recommended after options are exhausted by a multidisciplinary care team. – By Alex Osiadacz/Mayo Clinic News Network/Tribune News Service