Tokyo seeks to expand semiconductor production


Plans to build factories for semiconductor-related industries have been mapped out across the country. — Reuters

TOKYO: In a bid to strengthen supply chains and economic security in the wake of the global shortage of semiconductors caused by the Covid-19 pandemic, the Japanese government is encouraging businesses and other organisations to expand domestic production of semiconductors.

Plans to build factories for semiconductor-related industries have been mapped out across the country.

A wide range of businesses support the semiconductor industry, and local governments are expecting positive ripple effects from these initiatives.

A plot of land on the east side of New Chitose Airport, a gateway to Hokkaido, was recently crowded with cranes.

A factory for Tokyo-based chipmaker Rapidus Corp is being built there at a rapid pace.

Rapidus was established in 2022 and is funded by major Japanese companies. It also receives financial support from the central government.

In February last year, Rapidus announced it would build a plant in Chitose, Hokkaido, to mass produce next-generation chips with a circuit line width of two nanometers.

The company plans to start the operation of a prototype production line at the plant in April next year, to prepare for full-scale operations to begin in 2027.

About 1,000 employees are expected to live in Chitose when operations start at the plant, so condominiums are being built in the centre of the city.

In the financial year 2023, about 40 construction permits for apartment buildings were issued in the city, more than double the number the previous year.

“We decided to enter the Hokkaido market after seeing the construction boom in Kumamoto Prefecture that took place after Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co moved into the area,” said Masahiro Otsuka, president of Well Holdings Co.

Well Holdings is a real estate development company in Fukuoka City that is constructing a rental apartment building in Chitose.

Construction of the plant has also created cleaning, security and other jobs.

The Chitose Chamber of Commerce and Industry, which serves as a contact point for relevant business and other activities, has received a number of inquiries related to Rapidus.

The number of special members of the chamber – business operators based outside the city – increased to 46 at the end of March 2024 from 26 at the end of March 2023.

Land prices also soared. According to official values as of March released by the Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Ministry, four of the 10 locations nationwide that saw the greatest rise in residential land prices were in Chitose.

Three of the 10 commercial plots that saw the highest increase in land prices also were in the city.

“Due partly to high materials costs, it’s becoming difficult for the general public to buy real estate in the city,” a property company president said.

Chitose Mayor Ryuichi Yokota said in May the city wants to continuously supply residential land space as needed so there will no shortage of plots.

Leading Taiwan semiconductor contract manufacturer Powerchip Semiconductor Manufacturing Corp (PSMC), in partnership with Tokyo-based major securities house SBI Holdings Inc, plans to start operations at a new plant in 2027 in Ohira, Miyagi Prefecture.

The village of Ohira is home to Toyota Motor East Japan Inc, and the surrounding area hosts many automobile-related companies.

Since the automotive and semiconductor industries share common ground, local governments in surrounding areas are establishing new departments or positions to support the semiconductor industry to take advantage of the opportunity. — The Japan News/ANN

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