Explainer-Why Japan's election is a bigger deal than it looks


FILE PHOTO: Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida speaks during a news conference at the prime minister's official residence in Tokyo, Japan October 14, 2021. Eugene Hoshiko/Pool via REUTERS/File Photo

TOKYO (Reuters) - Japan's new prime minister, Fumio Kishida, faces a tightrope general election on Sunday that could see his ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) lose its majority in the powerful lower house.

The LDP is certain to remain in power thanks to its Komeito coalition partner, but a weak showing for Kishida would have big implications for Japan, the world's no.3 economy. Here are some scenarios to watch as the vote unfolds:

BACK TO THE REVOLVING DOOR, MARKETS REACT

The real focus is whether the LDP will win the 233 seats needed to keep a majority by itself in the 465-seat lower chamber.

Falling below that would be damaging for Kishida - the LDP had 276 seats before the election was called - and would weaken his standing in the party.

That could spell a return to an era of "revolving door" short-term premiers and policy stasis. Markets would likely take a hit.

The loss of more than 40 seats would weigh on Japanese equities in the near-term due to reduced stability, analysts at Morgan Stanley MUFG said.

"The LDP/Komeito coalition is likely to retain a lower house majority, but opposition parties are more organised and may make substantial inroads," they said in a note.

STRONGER KOMEITO, WEAKER DEFENCE SPENDING

A chastened LDP would be more reliant on the dovish Komeito, complicating Kishida's drive to boost defence.

For the first time, the LDP has included a goal to spend 2% of GDP on the military, about $100 billion, in an election policy platform.

The pledge shows Japan could eventually abandon a longstanding unofficial policy of keeping military budgets within 1% of GDP - a ceiling that has for decades eased concern at home and abroad about any revival of militarism.

KISHIDA WINS BIG: NOT JUST BUSINESS AS USUAL

There's a 65% chance of the LDP winning a majority itself, reckons Ryutaro Kono, chief economist at BNP Paribas in Japan.

That would help put the coalition past the 261 seats of an "absolute stable majority", a level that would ensure control over parliamentary committees, making it easier to push through bills.

Kishida has promised to roll back the neo-liberal policies of his former boss Shinzo Abe, pledging a "new capitalism" although details remain fuzzy.

He is expected to push for expansive fiscal policy, measures that promote wealth re-distribution and the restart of nuclear power plants.

WATCH THE TURNOUT

Voter turnout will be key, and a high turnout typically favours the opposition, according to Koichi Nakano, a political science professor at Sophia University.

Polls suggest turnout will be slightly higher than the post-war record low of 52.66% in 2014.

The second lowest post-war turnout was in the 2017 lower house election, at 54%. Youth turnout was particularly low, with only three out of every 10 people in the 20-24 age bracket casting votes.

EYES ON AMARI, NUCLEAR POWER

One closely watched race is that of LDP heavyweight Akira Amari, who faces a tight contest in his home district.

An architect of Kishida's victory as party leader, Amari has since become the LDP's secretary general

His economic security agenda includes protecting sensitive technologies to communications, energy, transportation, finance and healthcare.

But he has also pushed for the restart of nuclear reactors, something 40% of Japanese are opposed to, given the 2011 Fukushima meltdown.

Arguing that Japan must revert to nuclear power to meet a pledge to be carbon neutral by 2050, Amari has struggled to attract support from the anti-nuclear Komeito.

How his election plays out could impact a broad range of sensitive policy, including around nuclear plants.

(Reporting by Kiyoshi Takenaka and Antoni Slodkowski; Additional reporting by Hideyuki Sano; Writing by David Dolan; Editing by Frances Kerry)

Article type: metered
User Type: anonymous web
User Status:
Campaign ID: 46
Cxense type: free
User access status: 3
Join our Telegram channel to get our Evening Alerts and breaking news highlights
   

Next In World

New caravan sets off from Mexico as officials struggle with immigration claims
Latvia calls for permanent U.S. troops to guard against Russia threat
Belarus announces military drills with Russia near Ukraine border
Castro vows to pull Honduras 'out of the abyss' as first female president
Iran says no way to return to 2015 deal without lifting of all sanctions
Myanmar seizes boat carrying 228 Rohingya - state TV
Don't use migrants as pawns in political strategies, Pope tells governments
WTO postponement a 'significant blow' to possible COVID vaccine, fishing deals
Congo okays joint operation with Uganda against Islamist militia, sources say
Merriam-Webster declares ‘vaccine’ as word of the year

Others Also Read


Vouchers