PUTRAJAYA: Nearly one in five Malaysian adults, or 18.3%, has diabetes, says the Health Ministry.
A recent survey showed that an estimated 3.9 million Malaysians aged 18 and above are suffering from diabetes, said its minister Datuk Seri Dr Adham Baba.
This is a spike from a 13.4% diabetes prevalence rate in 2015.
When launching the National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS) 2019, the Health Minister said non-communicable diseases (NCD) such as diabetes and their risk factors are on the rise.
"It was also found that more than 50% of adults in Malaysia were overweight or obese, and 95% of adults in Malaysia were not consuming the adequate intake of vegetables and fruits," he said in the ministry headquarters in Putrajaya on Friday (May 29).
(In the NHMS 2015, the prevalence of diabetes in the country was reported as 17.5%, before the measurement of the disease was changed in line with the World Health Organisation standards.)
The highest prevalence rates were found in Negri Sembilan (33.2%), Perlis (32.6%) and Pahang (25.7%).
Dr Adham added that stunting among children under the age of five had increased to 21.8% in 2019 from 17.7% in 2015.
He added that stunting among children was an area of concern for the Ministry, citing malnutrition as a cause for the problem.
Health literacy and education among the public, he added, were lacking, with 35% of Malaysian adults found to have low health literacy.
The National Health and Morbidity Survey is conducted in cycles of four years, where the topic of the first year focuses on non-communicable diseases and demand of healthcare.
The survey has more than 32,000 respondents from all states across Malaysia.
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