The role of the Conference of Rulers


The Yang di-Pertuan Agong Al-Sultan Abdullah Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mustafa Billah Shah and Sultan of Perak Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah attending the second day of the 256th Conference of Rulers’ Meeting at Istana Negara, on Feb 20, 2020. — Bernama

THE Conference of Rulers, as stipulated under the Federal Constitution, is in charge to elect the Yang di-Pertuan Agong and his deputy.

The Conference of Rulers is not only supreme but also unique as it is the only such institution in the world, according to the official website of the Rulers’ Office.

After the country gained independence, the Conference of Rulers was established in accordance with Article 38 of the Federal Constitution.

The functions and duties of the Conference of Rulers as provided in the Federal Constitution are as follows: Electing, in accordance with the provisions of the Third Schedule, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong and the Timbalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong; and agreeing or disagreeing with the extension of any religious acts, observances or ceremonies to the Federation as a whole, among others.

It also has the power to appoint members of the Special Court under Clause (1) of Article 182 of the constitution and may deliberate on matters of national policy (for example, changes in immigration policy) and any other matter that it deems fit.

“When the Conference deliberates on matters of national policy, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong shall be accompanied by the Prime Minister, and the other rulers and the Yang di-Pertua Negeri (state governors) by their Chief Ministers,” it noted.

No law directly affecting the privileges, position, honours or dignities of the rulers shall be passed without the consent of the Conference of Rulers.

The Conference of Rulers shall also be consulted before any change is made to the policy affecting administrative action under Article 153 of the constitution, related to the special position of the Malays, the Bumiputra and the legitimate interests of other communities).

The Conference of Rulers also appoints a representative to sit on the Armed Forces Council pursuant to Article 137 of the Federal Constitution and a representative to sit on the Board of Governors of Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka in accordance with the relevant act.

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