Don’t forget to take care of your eyes


Our eyes work very hard every day, so it's important that we care for them and ensure they can function optimally. — Filepic

I vividly remember that late Friday afternoon when my eye pressure spiked and I staggered on foot to my ophthalmologist’s office as the rapidly thickening fog in my field of vision shrouded passing cars and traffic lights.

The office was already closed, but the whole eye care team was there waiting for me.

One of them pricked my eyeballs with a sharp instrument, allowing the ocular fluid that had built up to drain.

That relieved the pressure and restored my vision.

But it was the fourth vision-impairing pressure spike in nine days, and they feared it would happen again, especially heading into a weekend.

So off I went to the emergency room, where I spent the night hooked up to an intravenous (IV) tube that delivered a powerful anti-swelling agent.

Later, when I told this story to friends and colleagues, some of them didn’t understand the importance of eye pressure, or even what it was.

“I didn’t know they could measure blood pressure in your eyes,” one of them told me.

Lack of awareness

Most people consider their vision to be vitally important, yet many lack an understanding of some of the most serious eye diseases.

A 2016 study published in the journal JAMA Ophthalmology, found that nearly half the respondents of an online US national poll feared losing their eyesight more than their memory, speech, hearing or limbs.

Yet, many “were unaware of important eye diseases”, it revealed.

A study released last month (September 2023), conducted by Wakefield Research for the US non-profit organisation Prevent Blindness and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, showed that one-quarter of adults deemed at risk for diseases of the retina, such as macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy, had delayed seeking care for vision problems.

“There is significantly less of an emphasis placed on eye health than there is on general health,” says ophthalmologist and Hollywood Presbyterian Medical Center’s Southern California Eye Institute founding director Dr Rohit Varma.

Because eye diseases can be painless and progress slowly, he says, “people get used to it, and as they age, they begin to feel, ‘Oh, this is a normal part of ageing and it’s OK.’”

If people felt severe pain, he says, they would go get care.

For many people though, it’s not easy to get an eye exam or eye treatment.

Millions are uninsured, others can’t afford their share of the cost, and many live in communities where eye doctors are scarce.

“Just because people know they need the care doesn’t necessarily mean they can afford it or that they have the access to it,” says Prevent Blindness CEO and president Jeff Todd.

Another challenge, reflecting the divide between eye care and general healthcare, is that medical insurance, except for children, often covers only eye care aimed at diagnosing or treating diseases.

More health plans are covering routine eye exams these days, but that generally does not include the type of test used to determine eyeglass and contact lens prescriptions – or the cost of the lenses.

Catch it early

Since being diagnosed with glaucoma 15 years ago, I’ve had more pressure checks, eye exams, eye drops and laser surgeries than I can remember.

I should know not to take my eyesight for granted.

And yet, when my peepers were filling with that vision-threatening fog last March (2022), I felt oddly sanguine.

It turned out that those serial pressure spikes were triggered by an adverse reaction to steroid-based eye drops prescribed to me following cataract surgery.

My ophthalmologist told me later that I had come “within hours” of losing my eyesight.

I hope my brush with blindness can help inspire people to be more conscious of their eyes.

Eyeglasses or contact lenses can make a huge difference in one’s quality of life by correcting refractive errors, which affect 150 million Americans.

But don’t ignore the risk of far more serious eye conditions that can sneak up on you. They are often manageable if caught early enough.

Glaucoma, which affects about three million people in the United States, attacks peripheral vision first and can cause irreversible damage to the optic nerve.

It runs in families, and is five times as prevalent among African Americans as in the general population.

Nearly 10 million in the US have diabetic retinopathy – a complication of diabetes in which blood vessels in the retina are damaged.

And some 20 million people age 40 and up have macular degeneration – a disease of the retina associated with ageing that diminishes central vision over time.

The formation of cataracts, which cause cloudiness in the eye’s natural lens, is very common as people age – half of people aged 75 and older have them.

Cataracts can cause blindness, but they are eminently treatable with surgery.

Act to prevent

If you are over 40 and haven’t had a comprehensive eye exam in a while – or ever – put that on your to-do list.

And get an examination at a younger age if you have diabetes, a family history of glaucoma, or if you are African American or part of another racial or ethnic group at high risk for certain eye diseases.

And don’t forget children. Multiple eye conditions can affect kids.

Refractive errors, treatable with corrective lenses, can cause impairment later in life if they are not addressed early enough.

Healthful lifestyle choices also benefit your eyes.

“Anything that helps your general health helps your vision,” says American Academy of Ophthalmology clinical spokesperson and Glaucoma Center of San Francisco executive director Dr Andrew Iwach.

Minimise stress, get regular exercise and eat a healthy diet.

Also, quit smoking – it increases the risk of major eye diseases.

And consider adopting habits that protect your eyes from injury:

  • Wear sunglasses when you go outside
  • Take regular breaks from your computer screen and mobile phone, and
  • Wear goggles when working around the house or playing sports.

Dr Iwach suggests: “When you get together for the holidays, if you aren’t sure what to talk about, talk about your eyes.” – By Bernard J. Wolfson/KFF Health News/Tribune News Service

KFF Health News, formerly known as Kaiser Health News (KHN), is a US national newsroom that produces in-depth journalism about health issues and is one of the core operating programs of KFF – the independent source for US health policy research, polling and journalism.

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Eyes , glaucoma , diabetic retinopathy


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