The restrictions of giving birth during Covid-19


  • Wellness
  • Tuesday, 05 May 2020

Stewart with her daughter Mya Moore, eight, and husband Clif Stewart, 10 days before she gave birth on March 16. She experienced restrictions while giving birth in the hospital due to precautions over Covid-19, even before the stay-at-home order was given in the US state of Illinois. — TNS

Before Rachael Stewart gave birth to her second child, a baby boy named Caleb, on March 26 (2020), she knew many of the items on her birth plan would not go as envisioned due to the effect of the Covid-19 pandemic on hospitals.

Stewart wound up not using her doula as much as planned, and her out-of-state mother – who had bought a flight ticket to be at the birth in person – was on video until she started pushing, and her husband was there with her.

Her labour and delivery experience wasn’t so bad, said Stewart, especially since she was induced.

It wasn’t until they got to the postpartum unit that “things really got intense”, like her husband not being able to leave the hospital room postpartum (after birth).

And that was before stricter limitations were imposed.

But now, most pregnant patients in the United States aren’t even allowed a visitor after giving birth.

For pregnant patients who test positive for Covid-19, it’s more isolating.

Testing all pregnant patients

Dr Melissa Simon, an obstetrician-gynaecologist at Northwestern Medicine in Chicago, said there hasn’t been much new information in the last six weeks, but that many of the protocols have evolved, like no visitors in prenatal care or ultrasound appointments, and no visitors allowed postpartum.

“You can have your one visitor during birth, but then they can’t stay postpartum,” she said.

She added that these measures are in place for all pregnant patients at Northwestern Medicine Prentice Women’s Hospital, as well as in many hospitals throughout the country, not only those who test positive for Covid-19.

All pregnant patients who go into labour at Prentice are tested for Covid-19, with results usually coming in about two hours, she said.

If a patient tests positive for Covid-19, they are put in a separate unit on a different floor that has a separate healthcare team.

Those women are completely isolated, said Dr Simon.

The regular labour unit for pregnant patients who test negative for Covid-19 remains mostly the same in terms of nursing and physician support, she said, except that everybody is wearing a mask, which can make interactions feel less personal.

“You can’t really see the smile through the mask,” she said, “so it feels a little more sterile in some sense because we’re trying to keep everyone as safe as possible.”

Physicians and nurses are still regularly making visits to check on pregnant patients who are positive for Covid-19, and are also utilising phone calls into rooms “if there’s a need prior to being ready to push”, she added.

“We actually have to be more present for (the women who have Covid-19) than ever before” since they don’t have any visitors, she said.

Malaysian Red Crescent Society members present hampers to mothers of newborns in Penang General Hospital’s meternity ward two years ago in this filepic. In the US, visitors are now not allowed for mothers and newborns in most hospitals due to the Covid-19 pandemic.Malaysian Red Crescent Society members present hampers to mothers of newborns in Penang General Hospital’s meternity ward two years ago in this filepic. In the US, visitors are now not allowed for mothers and newborns in most hospitals due to the Covid-19 pandemic.

Limited options

But options for patients in labour have changed overall, like not being able to use the inhaled anaesthetic and not being able to walk around the labour floor to help manage pain.

“That (anaesthetic) is not allowed right now during Covid-19 because it could actually enhance the spread,” said Dr Simon.

The issue around a newborn potentially contracting the virus is still based on physical contact, she said.

“In the world right now, there’s a little bit of data that shows there’s no transmission (of Covid-19) through breast milk or amniotic fluid,” she said.

“The few newborns in the world who contracted the coronavirus likely got it through contact. That hasn’t changed.”

Stewart, who gave birth at the University of Chicago Medicine Family Birth Center, had a different experience since her labour was induced before these limitations from the coronavirus and stay-at-home order.

“We really got so blessed because we were right before things really ramped up,” she said. “It’s really limited right now.”

Stewart, her husband and their new baby left the hospital before the standard two-day postpartum stay.

The family was discharged less than 24 hours after Stewart gave birth, which is what she wanted.

“I think (the doctors) just realised, because of the fear and caution of everything going on, they weren’t going to make us stay at the hospital unless I had a reason to, so that was good,” she said.

“It was just very, very intense.”

It is possible for postpartum patients to feel more baby blues, anxiety, stress or depression than usual because of the pandemic and stay-at-home order, according to Dr Simon.

“It’s totally normal. Keep asking questions and reaching out (to your healthcare provider or your baby’s paediatrician) if you’re feeling down, anxious, nervous or depressed,” she urged.

She said that healthcare teams “are better poised and a little more savvy” about helping patients through telehealth visits than they were six weeks ago.

A pregnant woman gives birth at a Wuhan hospital in China on Feb 23 (2020). She and the healthcare team are all wearing face masks, which can make the process seem more impersonal as facial expressions are hard to see. — AFPA pregnant woman gives birth at a Wuhan hospital in China on Feb 23 (2020). She and the healthcare team are all wearing face masks, which can make the process seem more impersonal as facial expressions are hard to see. — AFP

New parents

First-time parents face a unique challenge of entering parenthood during a pandemic.

“It’s okay to not be perfect; everyone right now is feeling not perfect,” said Dr Simon.

“And it’s even more exaggerated when you’re a new parent and you’re trying to do everything you can for your new baby.

“You might be reading things online more so than ever right now about what you’re supposed to be doing for your baby.

“Being a new parent is a learning process.”

If a first-time parent tested positive for Covid-19 and is on the isolation floor without a support person, she said that it’s “really important to ask your nurses and healthcare team to help you and be present”.

“If you’re giving birth for the first time, I think it’s important to understand that you can’t control anything at this point,” she said.

“The most important thing you can control is if you feel like something is not right, or if you have questions, don’t be afraid to ask for help or more support.

“It’s important to understand that we are all here for you when you come to the hospital, and we will do our best to care for you.

“But if you need something, please let us know.”

Stewart’s son has gone to the paediatrician twice since he was born: once for the initial check-up and the other for a weight check.

When he turns two months old, he’ll go back to get immunisations.

For the first visit, Stewart said she had to call to get in and was asked screening questions.

Once she got to the doctor’s office, they screened her again and took her temperature.

People in the lobby were wearing face masks and social distancing, she said.

“By the second visit, it was even more,” she added.

“The doctor didn’t come in until it was time to do exams, she actually called me on the phone while we were in the room just to ask all the screening questions so that she didn’t have to prolong our time in close contact.

“The first time I felt was a little more casual, this felt more like a get-in-and-out.”

Stewart said her family has received ample support, gift cards and meals from others, but having a newborn in quarantine has been stressful.

“It’s hard enough being a newborn’s mom, and also acclimating to being a mother of two, but adding to that being in the midst of a global pandemic has just been something next level,” she said.

“Some days it’s overwhelming, and some days you can manage it a little bit more.

“We’ve just been trying to find the blessing in it.” – Chicago Tribune/Tribune News Service

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