In Hong Kong, exhibitions and tributes mark Bruce Lee's 50th death anniversary


By AGENCY

Pedestrians walk past a poster for the Bruce Lee exhibition at the Hong Kong Heritage Museum in Hong Kong. Photo: AFP

Hong Kong businessman W. Wong still remembers the day in 1972 when he first heard neighbourhood kids rave about a figure who seemed larger than life: Bruce Lee.

Lee, a consummate martial artist whose films spawned a kung fu craze around the world, was one of the first Asian men to achieve Hollywood superstardom before his death at 32.

His influence can still be felt in Hong Kong, where he spent his childhood and final years, as fans this week held exhibitions and martial arts workshops to mark the 50th anniversary of Lee's death.

Visitors watch a documentary at the Bruce Lee exhibition at the Hong Kong Heritage Museum in Hong Kong. Photo: AFP Visitors watch a documentary at the Bruce Lee exhibition at the Hong Kong Heritage Museum in Hong Kong. Photo: AFP

"Every child needs some kind of role model, and I chose Bruce Lee," said Wong, 54, who has led the city's largest fan club devoted to the star for nearly three decades.

"I had hoped my life would resemble the Bruce Lee I saw: handsome, strong, with great martial arts skills and a heroic image."

At a studio for Wing Chun – a style of martial arts Lee practised before inventing his own Jeet Kune Do method – the martial arts master is revered as something akin to a patron saint.

Lee's yellow jumpsuit on display at the Hong Kong Heritage Museum. Photo: AFP Lee's yellow jumpsuit on display at the Hong Kong Heritage Museum. Photo: AFP

Studio owner Cheng Chi-ping, 69, said his cohort began their training under the shadow of Lee's cultural influence but "we could never match his speed, strength or physique".

Lee's appeal had not diminished for the next generation, said Mic Leung, 45, who trained at the same studio and, as a teenager, sought out Lee's movies on old videotapes.

"When we talk about the 'god of martial arts', we could only be talking about Bruce Lee. There is no one else," he said.

Smashing barriers

Born in San Francisco in 1940, Lee was raised in Hong Kong and had an early brush with fame as a child actor, supported by his father, who was a famous Cantonese opera singer.At 18, he continued his studies in the United States and over the next decade taught martial arts and scored minor parts in Hollywood, before landing the role of Kato in the television series The Green Hornet.

Fans gather in front of the statue of martial artist Bruce Lee to commemorate the 50th anniversary of his death in Hong Kong on July 20. Photo: APFans gather in front of the statue of martial artist Bruce Lee to commemorate the 50th anniversary of his death in Hong Kong on July 20. Photo: AP

But it was not until Lee returned to Hong Kong that he landed his first lead role in the martial arts film The Big Boss, which made him a household name in Asia after its 1971 release.

The next year saw two more box office hits – Fist Of Fury and The Way Of The Dragon – cementing Lee's persona as a relentless, lightning-fast fighter.

Lee had completed filming his fourth star vehicle, Enter the Dragon, and was halfway through his fifth when he died on July 20, 1973 from swelling of the brain, attributed to an adverse reaction to painkillers.

Film scholar Aaron Han Joon Magnan-Park, who taught Lee's movies at the University of Hong Kong, said Lee expressed a kind of Chinese identity that transcended national borders.

'Every child needs some kind of role model, and I chose Bruce Lee,' says Wong, chairman of the Bruce Lee Club in Hong Kong. Photo: AFP 'Every child needs some kind of role model, and I chose Bruce Lee,' says Wong, chairman of the Bruce Lee Club in Hong Kong. Photo: AFP

"I would call Bruce Lee a paragon of Sinophone soft power success with Hong Kong characteristics," he said.

In Hollywood, Lee represented a rebuke to racist stereotypes, showing that Asian men were more than just servants and villains.

The scenes where he bares his torso and flexes his muscles – what Magnan-Park called the "kung fu striptease" – were essential because they show how ripped bodies can belong to Asian heroes as well.

"He made Asian men sexy, and that is something I don't think we talk about enough," he said.

Preserving legacy

Despite Lee's enduring fame, preserving his legacy in Hong Kong was no easy task, said fan club chairman Wong. Government support was intermittent at best, he said.Fans in 2004 successfully petitioned to set up a bronze statue of Lee on Hong Kong's famed waterfront, but a campaign to revitalise his former mansion could not save it from demolition in 2019.

A woman pushes a cart with cardboard boxes past a mural of Bruce Lee (right) in Hong Kong. Photo: AFP A woman pushes a cart with cardboard boxes past a mural of Bruce Lee (right) in Hong Kong. Photo: AFP

At a government-run museum exhibit commemorating Lee's life, a woman surnamed Yip said she wanted to share "a symbol of the old Hong Kong" with her two children.

Wong, who had organised a smaller exhibit in Sham Shui Po district, acknowledged a decline of interest among young people but said Lee's philosophy always has the potential to become relevant again.

He pointed to how protesters in Hong Kong's 2019 democracy movement cited the martial artist's mantra – "Be water, my friend" – as a reminder to adopt flexible tactics of resistance.

Visitors walk past a statue of Bruce Lee outside the Hong Kong Heritage Museum in Hong Kong. Photo: AFP Visitors walk past a statue of Bruce Lee outside the Hong Kong Heritage Museum in Hong Kong. Photo: AFP

That discussion has largely tapered off after authorities cracked down on dissent, but Wong remembers the public at the time wondering why young protesters were so taken by Lee.

"As long as everyone still remembers (Lee), once your interest is piqued, you will have a chance to rediscover him," he said. – AFP

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