NEW YORK/LONDON: European shares, the S&P 500 and an index of global stock performance scaled new peaks while yields on U.S., Japanese and European government debt fell on Friday as investors embraced the easy monetary policies of major central banks.
Investor sentiment rose in Europe after the European Central Bank raised its growth and inflation projections on Thursday, and also renewed a pledge to keep stimulus flowing.
The pan-regional STOXX Europe 600 index rose 0.7% to a record close, posting its sixth straight session of gains and best weekly performance at 1.1% since early May.
The MSCI all-country world equity index, a benchmark that tracks shares in 50 countries, set a new intraday high and record close at 719.52, up 0.2% in a late-day surge that also lifted the S&P 500 to an all-time close.
Stocks on Wall Street seesawed most of the session near breakeven as investors bought tech stocks after shrugging off data on Thursday that showed year-on-year inflation spiked to 5.0% in May, a jump the Federal Reserve has said is transient.
Declining Treasury yields have confounded investors who see signs of inflation being more persistent than the Fed's view that sharply rising consumer prices will be short-lived.
"You've seen an increasing comfort level with the Fed's stance that inflation is going to be transitory, and as that sinks in, you continue to see large buyers of bonds, which is keeping yields from rising," said Michael James, managing director of equity trading at Wedbush Securities in Los Angeles.
Inflation data has alarmed many investors, but for the moment the reaction is stocks are still preferable to bonds in an inflationary environment, said Rick Meckler, partner at Cherry Lane Investments in New Vernon, New Jersey.
"There is a concern that eventually you could get some migration out of stocks into bonds," Meckler added. "But right now we seem to be at that pre-tipping point where bonds don't yield enough to scare people out of stocks."
The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 0.04%, the S&P 500 gained 0.19% and the Nasdaq Composite added 0.35%.
U.S. growth-oriented stocks slightly outpaced value stocks as the two styles vied for leadership: big tech stocks added the most upside followed by financial shares.
Jack Ablin, chief investment officer at Cresset Capital Management, said he is concerned about the long-term outlook for equities because of stretched valuations once interest rates start to rise, perhaps starting in late in 2022.
"Value-oriented cyclical companies with good quality balance sheet are probably the best deal in this kind of market," Ablin said.
Overnight in Asia, MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan gained 0.3%.
Yields on 10-year U.S. Treasury notes slid 0.5 basis points to 1.4535% after earlier declines that positioned the benchmark for its biggest weekly decline in a year.
Euro area bond yields followed Treasuries. Benchmark German 10-year bonds fell 3 basis points to -0.28% and were set for their best week of the year. Yields move inversely with prices.
Falling expectations that higher inflation could lead to early Fed tightening prompted a flattening of the U.S. yield curve, with the spread between the 10-year and 2-year yield at its narrowest since late February on Friday.
Yields will likely move higher again as economies reopen from COVID-19 pandemic lockdowns.
"We still think consumers are going to help prices higher, when these economies reopen properly, that people can start traveling again, spending again," said Jeremy Gatto, investment manager at Unigestion. "We are going to get a further boost from the consumption side, and we therefore expect bond yields to move higher."
The euro and sterling dipped against the dollar as investors bet interest rates would stay lower for longer in Europe.
The dollar index rose 0.49%, with the euro down 0.51% to $1.2107. The Japanese yen weakened 0.31% versus the greenback at 109.66 per dollar.
Oil prices rose to multi-year highs, heading for a third straight week of gains on the improved outlook for worldwide demand as rising vaccination rates lead to a lifting of pandemic curbs.
Brent crude futures rose 17 cents to settle at $72.69 a barrel. U.S. crude futures settled up 62 cents at $70.91 a barrel.
U.S. gold futures settled 0.9% lower at $1, 879.6 an ounce.Meanwhile U.S. stocks closed modestly higher at the end of a torpid week marked with few market-moving catalysts and persistent concerns over whether current inflation spikes could linger and cause the U.S. Federal Reserve to tighten its dovish policy sooner than expected.
The Nasdaq gained the most among the three major indexes, while the bellwether S&P 500 squeaked its way to a second straight record closing high.
For the week, the S&P and the Nasdaq advanced from last Friday's close, while the Dow posted a small weekly loss.
The indexes have been range-bound, with few catalysts to move investor sentiment. Much of the focus centered on Thursday's consumer price data, which eased jitters over the duration of the current inflation wave.
"It’s a muted day today," Oliver Pursche, senior vice president at Wealthspire Advisors, in New York. "The summer is settling in, people are slipping out of work early and there’s nothing in the news that’s going to materially drive the market in either direction."
"So, investors are going to wait until earnings season."
The Federal Reserve has repeatedly said that near-term price surges will not metastasize into lasting inflation, an assertion reflected in the University of Michigan's Consumer Sentiment report released on Friday, which showed inflation expectations easing from last month's spike.
Investors now turn their attention to the Fed's statement at the conclusion of next week's two-day monetary policy meeting, which will be parsed for clues regarding the central bank's timetable for raising key interest rates.
"Our view continues to be that inflationary data is transient and we will be around the 2% mark for the year," Pursche added.
Benchmark U.S. Treasury yields posted their biggest weekly drop in nearly a year, weighing on the interest-sensitive financial sector in recent sessions.
The Food and Drug Administration is facing mounting criticism over its "accelerated approval" of Biogen Inc's Alzheimer's drug Aduhelm without strong evidence of its ability to combat the disease.
Biogen shares ended down 4.4%, while the broader healthcare sector shed 0.7%.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 13.36 points, or 0.04%, to 34, 479.6, the S&P 500 gained 8.26 points, or 0.19%, to 4, 247.44 and the Nasdaq Composite added 49.09 points, or 0.35%, to 14, 069.42.
Among the 11 major sectors in the S&P 500, rebounding financial stocks and tech led the gainers, while healthcare suffered the biggest percentage drop.
Much of the trading volume this week was attributable to the ongoing social media-driven "meme stock" phenomenon, in which retail investors swarm around heavily shorted stocks.
But meme stock moves were more muted on Friday, with AMC Entertainment outperformed, gaining 15.4%.
Advancing issues outnumbered declining ones on the NYSE by a 1.83-to-1 ratio; on Nasdaq, a 1.70-to-1 ratio favored advancers.
The S&P 500 posted 33 new 52-week highs and one new low; the Nasdaq Composite recorded 108 new highs and 16 new lows.
Volume on U.S. exchanges was 9.11 billion shares, compared with the 10.56 billion average over the last 20 trading days.- Reuters