Dutch politics veers to the right


The church of Sint Willesbrord stands in this quiet Dutch village where nearly three out of four voters chose a ant-migrant, anti-Muslim party in an election that shattered the Netherlands’ image as a welcoming, moderate country. — AP

“EVERYONE is welcome,” reads the sign at the church door in the quiet Dutch village of Sint Willebrord, where neighbours greet each other from tidy porches overlooking manicured lawns.

But that declaration of tolerance seems oddly out of place.

Triggered by economic and cultural anxieties that have whipped up fears about immigrants, people in the village and throughout the Netherlands have veered far to the right politically. It’s an extreme example of a trend being felt across the continent that could tilt the outcome of this year’s European Union parliamentary election.

In Sint Willebrord, which has few immigrants among its 9,300 residents, almost three out of four voters chose a virulently anti-migrant, anti-Muslim party in an election last year that shattered the Netherlands’ image as a welcoming, moderate country.

The Party for Freedom, led by a peroxide-haired firebrand named Geert Wilders, received nearly a quarter of all the votes – in a country where less than 5% of the people are Muslim – with slogans such as “no Islamic schools, Qurans or mosques” and “no open borders and mass immigration we cannot afford”.

Voters across Europe are increasingly empowering leaders like Wilders who promise to restrict immigration and, in some cases, constrain democratic freedoms: of religion, of expression, of the right to protest.

These forces have bubbled up to varying degrees one country at a time, including in Germany, France, Spain, Sweden and Austria. But before long, experts worry, they could dramatically reshape the continent from the top down.

In June, voters in the 27 member states of the European Union will elect their next parliament for a five-year term.

Analysts say that far-right parties are primed to gain seats – and more influence over EU policies affecting everything from civil rights to gender issues to immigration.

“People have a score to settle with ‘old politics,’” said Rem Korteweg, senior research fellow at the Clingendael think tank in The Hague.

In some European nations, the shift to the right has begun to gnaw at the foundations of democracy.

In Hungary and Serbia, recent elections were free but not fair, democracy experts say, because the ruling parties captured the media, the courts and the electoral authorities.

Support for Wilders’ Party for Freedom more than doubled since the last Dutch election in 2021. With 23% of the vote, Wilders stands a good chance of leading any future governing coalition.

Wilders speaking during a press conference. Support for his Party for Freedom has more than doubled since the last Dutch election in 2021. — ReutersWilders speaking during a press conference. Support for his Party for Freedom has more than doubled since the last Dutch election in 2021. — Reuters

For a quarter century, voters across the Netherlands have grown increasingly disgruntled as successive governments – despite high levels of taxation – were unable to stop the erosion of cradle-to-grave benefits citizens had come to expect for things like education, health care and pensions.

“It is as if people are being forced to vote for Wilders,” said Sint Willebrord resident Walter de Jong, 80. A lifelong baker, De Jong said he was forced to close his business last year because of rising costs and stringent government rules.

The decline in Dutch living standards has coincided with rising immigration.

Two decades ago, the Netherlands had a net outflow of migrants, but by 2022 that had swung to an influx of 224,000 in a nation of 17.5 million.

The Netherlands has also been hit hard by a cost-of-living crisis affecting everything from the price of healthcare to food.

The income needed to buy a first home has risen far faster than earnings, according to a 2022 study by the Dutch lender Rabobank.

“Housing is a policy failure,” said Tom Theuns of Leiden University. “And then you have a populist who says, ‘OK, the reason is: asylum seekers are given priority.’ Even if this is a lie, this is how immigration becomes linked via racist messaging. It’s scapegoating.”

For traditional parties of the European centre-right and centre-left, the success of populist messaging presents a challenge.

One favoured analogy for dealing with them has been a “cordon sanitaire,” the protective barrier put in place to stop the spread of infectious diseases. Politically speaking, that meant not forming coalitions with them.

In Belgium, this strategy was used to isolate far-right nationalists, and in France, the Front National party of Jean-Marie Le Pen was kept at arm’s length.

However, under Le Pen’s daughter Marine, the Front National – rebranded as the National Rally – is no longer a pariah.

In November, she was welcomed at a protest march against rising anti-Semitism. That prompted critics to use an unflattering German expression – salonfähig – to describe a former outcast being welcomed into polite society.

In the Netherlands, forming a majority coalition with Wilders’ party was considered unthinkable not long ago.

But then the mood of the continent began to change. The 2015 migration crisis in Europe was an opening for far-right politics following the EU’s halting response to the arrival of some 100,000 asylum seekers each month.

Wilders’ anti-migrant rhetoric began to resonate even more.

In July, Mark Rutte’s majority coalition collapsed over his handling of immigration, and his successor as leader of the VVD party hinted that Wilders might be a partner to talk to again.

“Suddenly, a vote for Wilders was no longer a wasted vote,” said Korteweg of the Clingendael think tank.

In December, a member of Wilders’ party became president of parliament, marking a breakthrough in political acceptance.

Political analysts looking ahead to the EU parliament elections in June say what is happening in countries like the Netherlands could be a harbinger for the governing body of the bloc’s 450 million people.

Rather than far-right parties being pulled to the centre, the centre may veer to the right.

“And this may be the biggest danger for Europe,” said Korteweg of Clingendael. — AP

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