New bill in California seeks to ban sales of anti-ageing skincare to children


Fourteen-year-old Emily Chan supports a bill that would potentially ban the sale of anti-ageing cosmetic products to children under 13. Photo: TNS

As a 14-year-old interested in skin care, Emily Chan thought dabbing her face with her mum’s fancy anti-ageing products would help nourish her skin.

What she didn’t know was that the creams contained ingredients such as retinol and hyaluronic acid. Both can improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles by increasing skin cell production, but they also can cause irritation that results in redness and itchiness, especially on young skin.

The Palo Alto eighth-grader learned that the hard way when her face started turning red and blotchy.

“I would use her products without knowing my skin was pretty sensitive,” Emily said. “Now I have to be careful about the products I’m using.”

While anti-ageing products are generally intended for those over 30, Emily said she often sees teenagers buying and using them in social media videos.

That’s why she’s supporting a bill introduced last month by state assembly member Alex Lee, a 28-year-old Milpitas Democrat, that would ban the sale of anti-ageing skincare or cosmetic products containing certain ingredients like retinol to children under the age of 13.

More and more children and teenagers are being exposed to adult skincare products through social media and purchasing them at trendy retail stores, a phenomenon dubbed “Sephora Kids” after the popular beauty products store.

The anti-ageing product market was estimated to be US$10.14bil (approximately RM47.8bil) in 2023 and is expected to reach 16.38bil (RM77.26bil) by 2030, according to a January market research report.

Read more: Swedish pharmacy limits sales of skincare products to minors

Skin issues

Using products containing retinols and acids at a young age can lead to eczema and irritant contact dermatitis, according to Sunil Dhawan, a dermatologist with the Center for Dermatology, which has locations in Milpitas and Fremont.

“There are more kids who we are seeing as patients that have multiple regimes and stuff that they are doing, for no good reason other than (seeing it) on TikTok and Instagram,” Dhawan said.

“It’s amazing how they refuse to accept the fact that it’s the product that’s making their eczema worse, because they are using harsh retinol-based products which are not suitable for young kids and young sensitive skin.”

If passed, AB 2491 would require businesses to take steps to uphold the ban, including placing a notice next to products or online descriptions indicating they are not meant for anyone under 13, or requiring purchasers to verify their ages with an ID.

“That’s why (this bill) is going after the sale of anti-ageing products,” Lee said. “because right now it’s super easy for kids to walk up and buy it off of the shelf.”

But the Personal Care Products Council, a Washington DC based trade association that represents hundreds of global cosmetics and personal care products companies, opposes the bill, calling it “a hastily drafted attempt to use legislative force to stop a social media trend".

"Every ingredient targeted by this bill is safe when used as directed at the appropriate age,” read the statement.

The bill recently cleared the state’s Environmental Safety and Toxic Materials Committee, and is now headed to the Appropriations Committee, which reviews all bills with fiscal impact once they pass a policy committee.

While the proposal is a first for California, age-related cosmetic bans have been established in other places.

In March, the Swedish pharmacy chain Apotek Hjartat, which has about 390 pharmacies in Sweden, began restricting the sale of advanced skincare products including retinol and alpha hydroxy acids to customers under 15.

Carol Chan, Emily’s mother, who also supports the ban, said stores shouldn’t sell any anti-ageing products to children. She hopes the bill will raise awareness about the importance of checking product ingredients.

“We just see the buzz words, like ‘anti-wrinkle’ and ‘anti-ageing,’ and don’t realise what the actual ingredients are in there,” Chan said.

“That’s scary; even I’m not conscious of it. I can’t imagine an 11- or 13-year-old really caring. They just say it smells good, it feels good, and it’s free – it’s on the counter of my mum’s bathroom, so I’m going to try it.”

Read more: Shopping for luxury fragrances? Why not ask a teenage boy for advice?

Right to choose

But other youngsters have some reservations about implementing a full ban.

Thirteen-year-old Noga Arditi of Palo Alto thinks preteens should be able to choose whether to purchase cosmetic products.

“They should learn about (products) before they put it on their skin, but maybe not ban it totally from people,” the seventh-grader said.

Before deciding whether to support the bill, Palo Alto resident Ellen Payne said she would like to see more research conducted on the long-term effects of children using anti-ageing products.

“I’m interested in learning more about the scientific basis of the bill,” she said. “The harmful effects (anti-ageing products) have on the skin, and more on the social and psychological effects.”

Her 12-year-old daughter, Tessa, who sticks to using moisturisers and sunscreens, wonders why the “Sephora Kids” her age would even use such products in the first place.

“From the videos I’ve seen, they seem annoying. They don’t really need to use it,” she said.

“They are already pretty young. They don’t need to look younger.” – The Mercury News/Tribune News Service

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beauty , trends , social media , skincare


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