Promoting development of green agriculture - Vietnam takes measures to ensure sustainable growth

Huge resources: A farmer harvests cabbage on a field in the outskirts of Hanoi. The Vietnamese government says that development of the carbon credit market in the country now is appropriate. — AFP

HANOI: Vietnam wants to promote the development of green agriculture to ensure sustainable growth and higher quality of products, especially export goods.

At the COP28 United Nations (UN) Climate Change Conference in Dubai, the United Arab Emirates, Prime Minister Pham Minh Chính introduced to the world for the first time a plan on establishing one million ha of high-quality, low-carbon rice production in Vietnam.

Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Le Minh Hoan said many international partners are interested in this project because rice has always been one of the leading sectors that emit the most methane.

Hoan said: “The agricultural sector must contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, including rice production. The current context forces Vietnam to change the farming process to adapt to the green consumption trend.

“Vietnam targets to market rice grains that do not cause greenhouse effects. At the same time, green production will be applied to other commodities to carry out green growth in agriculture.”

Vietnam recorded the highest rice export of eight million tonnes in 2023, earning more than US$4.5bil since 1989 when the first Vietnamese rice grains were exported abroad.

Vietnam does not have much agricultural production, but this country still has a high export output, playing an important role in food security, according to Hoan.

The carbon credit market also brings new opportunities for green agricultural development.

Tran Quang Bao, director of the Vietnam Department of Forest, Agriculture and Rural Development Ministry, said that development of the carbon credit market in Vietnam now is appropriate.

This will help Vietnam connect to the global carbon credit market.

Vietnam’s 14.79 million ha of forests can generate huge financial resources from the carbon credit market to re-invest in forest protection and development.

According to a report by the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UN on global forest resources, Vietnam is one of 10 countries in the world that have the highest increase in forest area, Bao said.

In the future, the forestry sector will continue to propose solutions to attract investment in afforestation because this is a huge potential for Vietnam to participate in the carbon credit market.

Forestry is a field with negative emissions and is assessed by experts as having great potential to exchange forest carbon credits with domestic and foreign partners.

Therefore, the formation of the carbon credit market has many positive impacts on forest protection and development, he said.

To promote the early formation of the carbon market, the Forestry Department has said that it is necessary to complete the specific legal framework for the development and operation of the exchange on carbon credit, including forest carbon credits, according to Bao.

At present, the Agriculture and Rural Development Ministry has submitted to the government proposals on forest carbon absorption and storage services in the draft of a decree amending and supplementing some articles of a decree on enforcement of the Law on Forestry.

The department hopes that the new decree will create an important legal corridor for successfully implementing forest carbon absorption and storage services across the country.

This will be the basic premise to help quickly connect to the global carbon credit market when the domestic carbon credit exchange is officially operated in 2028.

In addition, the ministry has issued a circular on measurement and inventory of greenhouse gases in the forestry sector.

It also measures and calculates the amount of transferable forest carbon credits for each locality.

It is necessary to promote communication, and also improve awareness on forest carbon and the forest carbon credit trading market for central and local officials and forest owners. Besides that, building a database system relating to forest carbon indicators is necessary.

Meanwhile, the national system for measurement, reporting, appraisal and recognition of emission reduction results must be developed to ensure harmony with domestic and international standards.

Vietnam also needs to promote international cooperation to get technical and financial assistance from partners to boost carbon market development. — Viet Nam News/ANN

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