SAN FRANCISCO: Amazon.com Inc will invest as much as US$4bil in Anthropic, securing a crucial partner in its effort to become a major player in generative artificial intelligence (AI) and offering a vote of confidence in the hot startup.
As part of the deal, Anthropic will move most of its software to Amazon Web Services (AWS) data centres, and use the cloud computing company’s homegrown chips to train the models it uses to power chatbots and other applications.
Besides getting access to Amazon’s computing power, Anthropic will gain a financial infusion that will help it pay the huge costs required to train and run massive AI models.
AWS chief executive officer (CEO) Adam Selipsky said in an interview on Bloomberg Television that the company’s initial investment in Anthropic is US$1.25bil.
Amazon will have a minority position in the startup, the companies said in a statement on Monday.
Amazon shares rose 1.6% to US$131.21 in New York.
The eCommerce and cloud computing giant has long taken stakes in partners in areas it deems a priority, including cargo airlines, a grocery distributor and an electric truck manufacturer.
But if the investment in Anthropic lands anywhere near US$4bil, it would represent the largest known piece of corporate dealmaking directly related to AWS.
The unit has tended to build its own products rather than relying on technology or businesses purchased from others, making relatively modest acquisitions in a market of hype-fuelled, billion-dollar valuations.
Amazon said its engineers, including those who work outside of AWS, will have access to Anthropic’s models.
AWS is the world’s largest seller of on-demand computing power and data storage.
But it has been widely seen as a laggard in the emerging field of computer models trained to generate text, images and other content because it has lacked both a hit product and a high-profile exclusive partner in the arena.
ChatGPT creator OpenAI runs its software on Microsoft Corp’s data centres, a partnership based on a US$13bil investment that has sparked a renewal for Amazon’s Seattle-area neighbour.
“Amazon’s US$4bil investment in AI startup Anthropic may not move the financial needle for its cloud services unit in the near term, but it shows that it’s taking Microsoft’s perceived AI leadership seriously,” Bloomberg Intelligence analyst Poonam Goyal wrote in a note Monday.
Amazon executives have said that it’s early days for so-called generative AI and that more than 100,000 customers have used the company’s machine-learning tools to date.
Anthropic’s foundational model, called Claude, was already available as part of an Amazon service called Bedrock, still in early release, that makes both Amazon and third-party models available to its customers.
“We have tremendous respect for Anthropic’s team and foundation models and believe we can help improve many customer experiences, short and long-term, through our deeper collaboration,” Amazon CEO Andy Jassy said in a statement.
Founded by OpenAI veterans, Anthropic has raised more than US$1bil to date with a pitch to make a safer kind of chatbot for such tasks as summarising, searching, answering questions and coding.
The company’s backers include Alphabet Inc’s Google, which invested almost US$400mil in Anthropic, Bloomberg reported in February.
Google is also an AWS cloud rival and builder of models used in generative AI.
“By significantly expanding our partnership, we can unlock new possibilities for organisations of all sizes as they deploy Anthropic’s safe, state-of-the-art AI systems together with AWS’s leading cloud technology,” Anthropic co-founder and CEO Dario Amodei said.
The deal also represents a milestone moment for Amazon’s in-house chipmaking effort, which includes processors called Trainium and Inferentia that are designed to power machine-learning applications.
Most cutting-edge AI applications rely on pricey chips built by Nvidia Corp that can be hard to come by.
Anthropic will use AWS chips to build and train future foundational models, the companies said.
Selipsky said there was “huge demand” for the range of chips that power generative AI and that AWS had been ramping up the supply chain for the chips it designs. — Bloomberg