Indonesia's vaccine diplomacy strategy: Jakarta Post


A mmedical worker gives a shot of the Sinovac Covid-19 vaccine during a vaccination campaign in Tangerang, Indonesia. - AP

JAKARTA (The Jakarta Post/ANN): In her annual statement in January, Foreign Minister Retno L P Marsudi said Indonesia would focus on "health security diplomacy".

"Our focus is to realise the commitments on vaccines through bilateral and multilateral partnerships," she said, and that the policy guideline was a continuation of the government's 2020 strategy.

As President Joko Widodo's chief diplomat, Retno is tasked with organising efforts to secure the vaccines Indonesia needs to beat Covid-19.

Now, during the country's second wave of infections, medical equipment like oxygen cylinders and ventilators have been added to its health diplomacy list.

This does not mean that other foreign policy matters, like the imbroglio over Myanmar, are less important. It is just a matter of priority.

At a time when millions of its citizens are facing increased risk of coronavirus transmission, the government needs to make a concerted effort in ensuring the swift arrival of the promised vaccines and other materials through bilateral and multilateral mechanisms.

When the second wave of Covid-19 ravaged India beginning in mid-February, Indonesia sent 2,000 oxygen cylinders and 200 oxygen concentrators in a show of solidarity for the world's largest democracy and second most populous nation.

The amount may appear meaningless compared to the millions of Indian patients needing treatment, but our attention to and care for other nations matters more in these trying times, like the proverb says: "a friend in need is a friend indeed".

As a disaster-prone country, Indonesia has received frequent assistance from the international community, such as when the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami left Aceh in near ruins in 2004 and more recently in 2018, when another earthquake and tsunami devastated Palu, Central Sulawesi.

Driven by the Delta strain, the second wave of infections has plunged Indonesia into such a critical condition that it has no other choice but to send an SOS to the world.

There is no need to feel embarrassed about calling for help from the international community, because nations must assist each other and work together to deal with the global pandemic.

As Tedros Ghebreyesus said back in August 2020, "No one is safe until everyone is safe."

Indonesia's diplomatic strategy has worked, as evident in the many countries that have responded to our call for assistance.

Australia is donating 2.5 million doses of the AstraZeneca vaccine as well as oxygen-related equipment and antigen test kits, Foreign Minister Marise Payne announced on July 7 after speaking with Ms Retno.

Other countries, including the United States, Japan and Singapore, have also pledged their assistance for Indonesia.

We have received 4 million doses of the Moderna vaccine from Washington via the Covax Facility, the global vaccine access scheme.

Japan has sent 1 million doses of the AstraZeneca with another 1 million doses to soon follow, and it has also sent vaccine shipments to our close neighbours Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand.

Two planeloads of medical supplies and equipment, including oxygen cylinders, ventilators, masks, gloves and gowns, arrived from Singapore on July 9, with a shipment of compressed oxygen cylinders coming soon.

We should not forget that China was the first country to lend us a hand. Indonesia has received tens of millions of vaccines from the world's second largest economy, most populous nation and a veteran in Covid-19 response, since the novel coronavirus originated there.

The Chinese vaccines play a key role in Indonesia's push to inoculate 70 per cent of its people in its bid to achieve herd immunity.

While we may one day have to repay what we receive today because "there's no such thing as a free lunch", that Retno is coordinating with the world is vital to protecting the entire nation from the virus. -- The Jakarta Post/Asia News Network

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