Bangladesh transported more than 1,600 Rohingya refugees to a low-lying island in the first phase of a controversial planned relocation of 100,000 people.
Almost a million Rohingya – most of whom fled a military offensive in neighbouring Myanmar three years ago – live in squalid camps in southeastern Bangladesh.
Any return to Myanmar appears unlikely for now.
Dhaka plans to move 100,000 refugees to Bhashan Char, a silt island that critics say is prone to flooding and sits in the path of cyclones that often wreak havoc in the region.
Rights groups have alleged that many of those sent in the first wave on Friday were coerced into going with threats or sweeteners.
This was borne out by some families in the Cox’s Bazar district in Bangladesh as they said tearful goodbyes to their relatives.
“They beat my son mercilessly and even smashed his teeth so that he agreed to go to the island, ” said Sufia Khatun, 60, who came to see off her son and five other relatives.
At the United Nations (UN), spokesman Stephane Dujarric said there had been “reports that some refugees may be feeling pressured into relocating” or had changed their minds about going.
“If so, they should be allowed to remain in the camps in Cox’s Bazar, ” he said.
But Bangladesh’s Foreign Minister AK Abdul Momen called the claims “a da*n lie” and said facilities on the island were “much better” than in the camps.
Bangladesh has spent US$400mil (RM1.62bil) from its coffers to build shelters and a three-metre flood embankment around the facilities.
The government said the facilities are “strongly built with concrete foundation which can withstand natural disasters such as cyclones and tidal waves”.
The island “has all modern amenities, year-round fresh water, a beautiful lake, proper infrastructure and enhanced facilities, ” the foreign ministry said.
“These include uninterrupted water and electricity supply, agricultural plots, storm shelters, two hospitals, four community clinics, mosques, warehouses, telecommunication services, police station, recreation, learning centres and playgrounds, ” it said.
Bangladeshi authorities say the relocation will ease congestion in the vast network of camps where deadly landslides as well as violence by drug gangs and extremists are common.
But it is unclear if the refugees will be able to leave if they wish to.
The UN office in Bangladesh said it had been prevented from independently assessing the “safety, feasibility and sustainability” of the island as a place to live.
A UN spokesman in New York echoed that claim, saying: “We have not been involved.”
“Any movement of refugees needs to be done voluntarily, in safety and dignity, ” Dujarric said.
Mohammad Jubaer, 28, who was on one of the ships with three family members on the three-hour journey from Chittagong to the island on Friday, said he was happy to go.
“I hope there will be enough work for me on the island. I wish they would also bring my brother and his family to the island, ” he said. — AFP
Did you find this article insightful?
100% readers found this article insightful