IN her dimly lit room in a village, Suki rests on a bed as she recovers from a brutal attack that has highlighted what campaigners say is growing hostility towards gay and transgender people in Malaysia.
A transgender woman, Suki was beaten up by a group of assailants with sticks and plastic pipes in Seremban.
She suffered broken ribs, a ruptured spleen and head injuries that required seven stitches. Police have arrested eight men suspected of carrying out the attack.
“They hit me and stepped on me repeatedly, I couldn’t move,” she told the Thomson Reuters Foundation at her home in Rantau, a sleepy village in Negri Sembilan.
“I tried to call out for help, but I couldn’t speak,” said Suki, a part-time make-up artist in her 30s who asked not to be identified in full to protect her privacy.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people have long suffered discrimination in Muslim-majority Malaysia.
But several incidents in recent weeks have stoked concerns among rights groups that the climate for the country’s LGBT community is deteriorating further
Last month, the Islamic Affairs Minister ordered for the removal of portraits of two LGBT activists from an art exhibition in George Town, sparking public outrage.
Two women in Terengganu were then sentenced to be caned under syariah law after being caught attempting to have sex in a car. Last week, officers raided a gay bar in Kuala Lumpur.
Activist Dorian Wilde said anti-LGBT statements from officials cause stigma and discrimination towards the community, and transgender people in particular have to bear the brunt of the hatred due to their visibility.
“The more and more being said, the more misinformation, the more violent things will be,” said Wilde, a transgender man who founded the support group, Transmen of Malaysia.
There has been a surge in homophobic and transphobic commenting on social media, which included describing LGBT people as from “hell” and calling for them to be killed, according to Wilde.
Three cases of trans women being killed were reported in 2017, according to the trans rights group, Justice for Sisters, while hundreds of other trans women were arrested in recent years under the law against cross-dressing.
The group’s co-founder, Thilaga Sulathireh, said Malaysia had a tolerant attitude toward transgender people until the early 1980s, when a council of Muslim leaders issued a religious edict against gender re-assignment surgery for Muslims.
Since then, there has been a steady rise in discrimination.“This kind of oppression is very systemic, from their identification cards, to jobs, housing and healthcare.
“At this point, we are only asking for the violence and discrimination to stop, we are not asking for any special rights – just let people be who they are,” Sulathireh said.
Rising conservatism has fuelled fears that Malaysia’s moderate brand of Islam is coming under threat from hardliners.
“People are feeling anxious,” said Numan Afifi, an openly gay Muslim man who runs the Pelangi Campaign group that fights against LGBT discrimination.
“We hear cases of trans women being harassed in the workplace, like employers forcing them to cut their hair.”
The government, which swept into power in the May elections after campaigning on a reform agenda, has been urged – by campaigners as well as members of the administration – to act against the spread of hatred toward LGBT.
“This hate campaign against those with different sexual orientation has to stop,” said Women, Family and Community Development deputy minister Hannah Yeoh. “You can disagree with them but using violence is a cowardly act. Hate crime is just wrong and must be condemned.”
Mia, a trans woman who lives in Seremban where Suki was attacked, said the local transgender community was fearful and in shock.
“We have been through so much trauma because of who we are but we have not seen such violence in years,” said the 40-year-old. “I don’t feel safe. Today the victim is Suki, what about tomorrow or the day after? Will it be me?” Mia asked, as tears welled up in her eyes. — Reuters