Could I have been suffering from ADHD all this while?


By AGENCY

Many adult ADHD sufferers often ‘lose the thread’ or ‘lose the plot’ as they can have problems focusing on the task at hand and tend to misplace objects such as keys, mobile phone and credit cards. — dpa

When a child is diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), many parents begin to look at their own emotions and behaviour with new eyes.

Might they also have ADHD, as yet unrecognised?

After all, it can run in families.

“For a lot of adults, an ADHD diagnosis for their child is the first impetus to be tested themselves,” says psychosomatic medicine and psychotherapy specialist Dr Matthias Rudolph.

And for good reason, because ADHD is a genetically-determined, neurobiological metabolic disorder in which the brain is hypersensitive to sensory stimulation.

There’s an imbalance of the neurotransmitters dopamine and noradrenaline.

Adult ADHD symptoms can include inattentiveness, impulsiveness and low frustration tolerance, and sometimes also restlessness, forgetfulness and daydreaming.

Some ADHD sufferers typically act based on their “gut feeling”, have frequent mood swings and are liable to abruptly end a relationship or quit their job.

Others throw themselves into sports, particularly extreme sports.

Alcohol or drug abuse aren’t uncommon.

Interestingly, the latter is not to get “high” as it were.

“Some ADHD sufferers take drugs in an effort to treat their condition themselves,” says neurologist Dr Carolin Zimmermann.

A further symptom is “losing the thread”, as Dr Rudolph puts it.

Many ADHD sufferers have trouble systematically planning their day, and they often misplace objects such as keys, their smartphone and credit cards.

On the other hand, many can focus intensely on things they find exciting.

They’re perfect crisis managers and at their best when others are at their wit’s end.

“This is why many of them are active in the arts or show business, work in IT or start-ups,” says Dr Zimmermann.

Women are less likely to be diagnosed with ADHD than men, according to Dr Rudolph, largely due to prevailing gender stereotypes or expectations, i.e. boys are noisy and fidgety, girls quiet and dreamy.

“But if you take a closer look, this isn’t always true,” he says.

The biggest difference between the sexes when it come to ADHD, he says, is that men tend to present their symptoms externally and see their misconduct as the fault of others, while women tend to internalise their symptoms and blame themselves.

As a result, “many women come to me with depression or anxiety”.

Eighty percent of adults with ADHD have a coexisting condition, and 60% have two or more, Dr Rudolph says.

Among them are depression, anxiety disorders and addiction.

To be tested for ADHD, you can see a neurologist, psychotherapist, psychiatrist or specialist in psychosomatic medicine.

You need patience, however, because you may have to wait many months for an appointment in the public setting.

It’s a good idea to see your general practitioner (GP) first, who can make an initial assessment and perhaps refer you to a suitable doctor.

Together you can fill out a self-screening questionnaire prepared by the World Health Organization (WHO) to determine whether you might have adult ADHD.

You can also go over teachers’ remarks on your old primary school reports together, if you still have them.

Both Dr Rudolph and Dr Zimmermann ask to see them whenever someone comes to their surgery to be evaluated for adult ADHD, as symptoms start in early childhood and continue into adulthood.

Giving the doctor a list of your symptoms can be helpful as well, Dr Zimmermann says.

If the diagnosis is positive, treatment of your ADHD will consist of several elements.

Medications are an important one, often complemented by cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) aimed at helping you to better structure your life.

ALSO READ: Change your negative thoughts and behaviours with CBT

Other elements can include occupational therapy, sports and self-help groups. – By Bernadette Winter/dpa

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