El Nino may affect 20% of Philippines ricefields

NIA chief Guillen urged Filipino farmers to switch to high-yielding varieties. — Philippine Daily Inquirer

MANILA: The National Irrigation Administration (NIA) is keeping a close watch on the rice fields of Central Luzon, the country’s rice granary, in anticipation of a decrease in production due to the effects of the prolonged drought this year, the agency’s administrator says.

In a television interview, NIA administrator Eduardo Guillen said they were projecting El Niño to affect 20% of the country’s rice farms, mainly due to an expected shortage of water for irrigation in Central Luzon.

“So the directive of president Ferdinand Marcos Jr is for the NIA to push for the planting of high-yielding rice varieties in areas with ample irrigation because with these rice varieties, our farmers can increase their yield by as much as 50% to make up for the 20% of the land area that will have a lower yield,” he added.

Guillen made the disclosure as a response to Malacañang’s directive for agencies to come up with measures to allow the agriculture sector to adapt to the adverse impact of El Niño.

The NIA chief urged Filipino farmers to switch to high-yielding varieties, even as he clarified that the dry spell would not be much of a concern for rice crops.

He cited how the country managed to stem the impact of a string of typhoons that hit rice-producing regions, which even supposedly allowed for an increase in production.

“That is the situation we are seeing in this case because ample sunlight is also favourable for rice,” Guillen said over the “Bagong Pilipinas Ngayon” government programme.

According to him, an estimated 50,000 ha of rice land in the province of Nueva Ecija, parts of Pampanga, Bulacan and Tarlac would be affected by the shortage of irrigation from the Pantabangan Dam, while another 30,000 ha would be impacted in the rest of Central Luzon.

To address this, the NIA was also adopting an “alternate wetting and drying technology” which would supposedly require less irrigation and allow for an increase in yield by around 20% to 30%, Guillen said.

Farmers who would not be supplied with ample irrigation would receive assistance from the Department of Labour and Employment and the Department of Social Welfare and Development through the agencies’ cash-for-work programmes, he added.

For rice farms in upland areas, the NIA will be installing a solar pump irrigation with “fertigation” and drip irrigation systems. — The Philippine Daily Inquirer/ANN

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