Vietnam to enhance quality of rice production

Rice production in Mekong Delta in recent years has been stable at about 24 to 25 million tonnes, contributing over 50% of rice production and over 90% of rice exports from the country.

HANOI: A new project aims to form a stable and large-scale raw material area for rice production in the Mekong Delta, creating favourable conditions for modern and multi-purpose methods.

The project will sustainably develop one million hectares of high-quality rice with green growth in the Mekong Delta.

Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Tran Thanh Nam said this at a workshop on “Technological Solutions to Convert High-Quality and Low-Emission Rice for Vietnam” held on Tuesday in Hanoi.

He said that the Mekong Delta was the country’s granary.

Rice production in the delta in recent years has been stable at about 24 to 25 million tonnes, contributing over 50% of rice production and over 90% of rice exports from the country.

“It creates jobs and income for over 1.5 million agricultural households. It also makes a major contribution to ensuring national food security and promotes the rice processing and export industry,” he said.

However, rice production in the delta still faces difficulties and potential risks, such as low output and income for rice growers, low quality and competitiveness of exported rice, and rice production areas that may be narrowed due to climate change.

The area under the project is expected to meet multiple goals, including improving the value of the rice chain and people’s income, ensuring food security and serving rice exports, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to climate change.

According to Katherine Nelson, a climate change scientist at the International Rice Research Institute, rice farming globally is the third largest source of carbon dioxide greenhouse gas emissions in agriculture, after livestock and arable land.

This is mainly due to the traditional method of rice farming, in which flooded rice fields release methane and other greenhouse gases.

One hectare of rice emits about six to 12 tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) per year, compared with a US household that emits about 8.5 tonnes of CO2 per year.

With low-emission farming techniques, the maximum reduction rate is 65%, which equals to five to nine tonnes of CO2 per year per hectare.

This is comparable to converting a house in the United States from using fossil fuels to solar power.

Climate change has been causing drought and salinity and affecting rice production.

On the other hand, rice production worsens climate change. Therefore, the implementation of such a project was necessary, he said. — Viet Nam News/ANN

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Vietnam , rice , production , exports , greengrowth , MekongDelta


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