BP halves dividend after record loss, speeds up reinvention


  • Business
  • Wednesday, 05 Aug 2020

BP’s net loss was in line with analysts’ expectations and was largely a result of the company’s decision to wipe US$6.5bil off the value of oil and gas exploration assets after it revised its price forecasts.

LONDON: BP cut its dividend for the first time in a decade after a record US$6.7bil second-quarter loss, when the coronavirus crisis hammered fuel demand, and it sought to win over investors by speeding up its reinvention as a lower carbon company.

Its shares rose more than 7% yesterday after BP unveiled earlier than expected a plan to reduce its oil and gas output by 40% and boost investments in renewable energy, such as wind and solar, over the next decade.

All major oil companies suffered in the second quarter as lockdowns to contain the new coronavirus limited travel and oil prices fell to their lowest in two decades.

Several, including Royal Dutch Shell and Norway’s Equinor, cut their dividend in response.

BP CEO Bernard Looney, who took the helm in February, avoided a dividend cut in the first quarter despite worsening market conditions and as rivals reduced their payouts.

But yesterday’s 50% cut by BP to 5.25 US cents per share, which was larger than the 40% forecast by analysts, became inevitable given a large debt pile, the collapse in oil and gas demand and growing expectations for a sluggish global economic recovery.

BP’s net loss was in line with analysts’ expectations and was largely a result of the company’s decision to wipe US$6.5bil off the value of oil and gas exploration assets after it revised its price forecasts.

BP recorded total impairments of US$17.4bil, at the upper end of its previous guidance.

“These headline results have been driven by another very challenging quarter, but also by the deliberate steps we have taken as we continue to re-imagine energy and reinvent BP, ” Looney said in a statement.

“In particular, our reset of long-term price assumptions and the related impairment and exploration write-off charges had a major impact.”

The loss, based on BP’s current accounting definition, is the first recorded on Refinitiv Eikon data. Looney called it the “toughest quarter in the industry’s history”.

As the investment climate turns away from carbon-intensive fossil fuel, Looney had planned to unveil BP’s new strategy in September. Instead, the company announced details yesterday.

It said it would increase its low-carbon spending 10-fold by 2030 versus current levels to US$5bil a year out of a total budget of around US$15bil and boost its renewable power generation to 50 gigawatts.

Over the same timeframe, it plans to shrink its oil and gas production by at least 1 million barrels of oil equivalent per day compared with 2019.

To hone its portfolio, BP targets divestments of US$25bil between 2020 and 2025, around US$12bil of which are already lined up.

It would retain its 19.75% stake in Russia’s Rosneft, it said.

While oil and gas are dominant, Redburn’s equity analyst Stuart Joyner said the strategic shift was encouraging.

“There will be inevitable questions over profitability of new low carbon investments, ” he said. “But BP is now firmly leading the sector in terms of transitioning its business to a lower carbon future.”

BP, which paid out a total of US$7.2bil in dividends last year, became the largest dividend payer on the London FTSE stock exchange after Royal Dutch Shell cut its dividend for the first time since the 1940 earlier this year.

BP last reduced its dividend in 2010, when it was suspended for three quarters following the deadly Deepwater Horizon rig explosion.

It holds US$40.9bil in net debt after raising US$19bil in new debt in the second quarter, more than any of its peers.

Its debt-to-equity ratio, known as gearing, at 33.1% exceeds its own target and places it at risk of a downgrade by rating agencies.

BP said it aimed to “reset a resilient dividend” of 5.25 US cents per share per quarter and to return at least 60% of future surplus cash as share buybacks.

BP’s second-quarter underlying replacement cost loss, the company’s definition of net income, reached US$6.7bil, roughly in line with forecasts. — Reuters

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