Jakarta: Indonesia’s Joko Widodo, popularly known as Jokowi, was on track to be re-elected leader of the world’s third-biggest democracy as unofficial results put him in a comfortable lead over firebrand ex-general Prabowo Subianto after voting closed across the 17,000-island archipelago.
While official results are not due until next month, a series of so-called “quick counts” by pollsters showed Jokowi as much as 11 percentage points ahead.
The vote ended at 1pm local time in Sumatra yesterday, although some of the 800,000 polling stations across the volcano-dotted nation remained open late due to delays and long queues.
The quick counts have proven reliable indicators in past elections, but Jokowi held off declaring victory.
“We’ve all seen exit poll and quick count numbers, but we still need to wait for the official results,” he told cheering supporters in Jakarta yesterday.
His 67-year-old rival – who lost to Jokowi in their 2014 presidential contest and warned he would challenge this year’s results if he lost –insisted that exit polls suggested he was in the lead.
He did not cite specific evidence.
“I’m calling on my supporters to keep calm and don’t get provoked,” he said.
The campaign was punctuated by bitter mudslinging and a slew of fake news online – much of it directed at the presidential contenders.
“I hope after this that there will be a call for reconciliation because ... we’ve been living in a very polarised atmosphere,” political analyst Gun Gun Heryanto told Kompas TV.
From the jungles of Borneo to the slums of Jakarta, yesterday saw millions of Indonesians cast their ballots in one of the world’s biggest exercises in democracy.
Horses, elephants, motorbikes, boats and planes were pressed into service to get ballot boxes out across the vast country that is home to hundreds of ethnic groups and languages.
More than 190 million voters were asked to choose between the incumbent Jokowi and his fiery nationalist rival, who has strong ties to the country’s three-decade Suharto dictatorship.
The call to prayer had rang out as voting began at first light in restive Papua province in the east of the 4,800km-long Muslim-majority nation.
Leading in pre-vote polls, Jokowi, 57, pointed to his ambitious drive to build much-needed roads, airports and other infrastructure across South-East Asia’s largest economy.
But Jokowi, a political outsider with an everyman personality when he swept to victory in 2014, has seen his rights record criticised owing to an uptick in discriminatory attacks on religious and other minorities.
His choice of conservative cleric Ma’ruf Amin as his running mate also raised fears about the future of Indonesia’s reputation for moderate Islam.
The soft-spoken Jokowi stands in stark contrast to Prabowo, a strongman who courted Islamic hardliners and promised a boost to military and defence spending.
Echoing US President Donald Trump, Prabowo vowed to put “Indonesia first” by reviewing billions of dollars in Chinese investment.
His long-held presidential ambitions, however, have been dogged by a chequered past and strong ties to the Suharto dictatorship, which collapsed two decades ago and opened the door for what is now a flourishing democracy.
Prabowo – who moved to soften his strongman image with an Instagram account featuring his cat Bobby – ordered the abduction of democracy activists as the authoritarian regime collapsed in 1998, and was accused of committing atrocities in Timor Leste.
A record 245,000 candidates ran for public office, from the presidency and parliamentary seats to local positions – the first time all were held on the same day.
Voters punched holes in ballots –to make clear their candidate choice – and then dipped a finger in halal ink, to prevent double-voting in a graft-riddled country where ballot-buying is rife.
In Palu, which was devastated by a quake-tsunami six months ago, one woman who lost her 10-year-old daughter and her home in the disaster voiced hope that the polls could help bring some relief to thousands still living in makeshift tents.
“Hopefully, the president or the new legislative candidate will help people like us still living in evacuation shelters,” said Laila, who like many Indonesians goes by one name.
“All this time we’ve been living on handouts from volunteers.”
About two million military and civil protection force members were deployed to ensure the vote went smoothly, including in mountainous Papua where rebels have been fighting for decades to split from Indonesia. — AFP
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