JOHOR BARU: The number of dengue cases in the state is on the rise, especially in densely populated areas.
Latest figures revealed that there have been a 50% increase in the number of hotspots last year compared with 2012.
Johor Baru district topped the list with three hotspots including Taman Putri Wangsa Lading with six cases, Taman Bukit Indah (five)and Jalan Suria in Seri Alam (four).
Other areas are in Kulaijaya including Rumah Pangsa Kulai (12 cases) and Taman Indahpura Blok Kenanga (four) while Taman Ilham in Kluang (five).
The department recorded alarming rise in the number of dengue cases across the state, as figures had almost tripled from 1,650 cases to 4,828 cases recorded in 2012 and 2013 respectively including 25 deaths in 2013.
Its director Dr Mohd Khairy Yaakub said that the figures were worrying especially death rates. The department recorded only one death in 2012, but it had rose to 25 deaths last year.
He urged anyone with any warning signs relating to dengue including high-fever, abdominal pain, persistent vomiting and even bleeding gums to immediately consult a doctor and seek admission at nearby hospitals.
“Patients who noticed an increase in blood viscosity with rapid decrease in platelet count following a blood test should get themselves admitted for further monitoring.
“There is no cut-off value for lowest platelet count that warrants admission but when count reaches below the average, doctors are required to admit the patient for monitoring,” he said.
Dr Khairy added that other warning signs included breathing difficulties, bleeding when passing stool and blood trace in urine.
He added that hospitals are also required to admit those with co-existing health conditions including pregnant women, infants, elderly and those diagnosed with diabetes, hypertension, heart and lung diseases, chronic renal failure and haemolytic disease.
Dr Khairy however said that most dengue patients would eventually recover from the illness even without any medication, others might need to be monitored closely.
“Majority of the patients do not require hospital admission but before patients are sent home, they will be advised and given some medication including paracetamol,” he said.
He stressed that the guidelines stipulated by the World Health Organisation for admission of suspected dengue patients should be strictly followed by doctors at all governmental hospital.
Dr Khairy also advised suspected dengue patients should consume at least 1.5litres to 2litres of nourishing fluids such as milk, coconut water, fruit juice, barley water, rice water and clear soup daily.
“Drinking water alone may cause electrolyte imbalance, which could be harmful to the body,” he said.
Those with any queries or complaints, should visit the Johor Health Department website at www.jknjohor.moh.gov.my or the department’s Facebook page.