KUALA LUMPUR: The ringgit has fallen to a fresh multi-year low against the US dollar, as sentiment has been somewhat dented by Malaysia’s shrinking current account surplus and slower economic growth in the third quarter of 2014.
At 5pm yesterday, the ringgit was being traded at 3.3565 against the greenback – the weakest level since May 2010. The ringgit is the second-worst performer in the region after the Singapore dollar so far this year. Over the last two weeks, it had declined 2% against the greenback.
Bank Negara, however, dismissed any notion that the narrowing current account surplus is a matter of concern.
“At this stage, with our current account surplus standing at about 3% of gross domestic product (GDP), it is considered a good sign… it is still positive,” Bank Negara governor Tan Sri Dr Zeti Akhtar Aziz said.
“It (current account surplus) is actually better than we expected because we (had earlier) thought that the rapid investment growth (in the country) would actually result in (current account) deficits in some quarters. But it did not (happen),” Zeti told reporters after delivering a keynote address at the inaugural International Statistical Institute Regional Statistics Conference here yesterday.
Analysts said the narrowing current account surplus put Malaysia in a less favourable position compared with the other countries.
“Malaysia’s narrowing current account surplus puts it in a relatively less appealing position compared with some of its peers in the region, amid a volatile environment where foreign investors are already looking to withdraw their funds from emerging markets to developed nations,” said an economist with a local bank-backed investment bank.
“The dollar is rising broadly against most major currencies in the world in anticipation of the United States tightening its monetary policy stance, involving a rise in its interest rates, next year.”
Malaysia’s GDP growth had slowed to 5.6% in the three months to September from 6.5% in the preceding quarter, according to data released last Friday.
It was disclosed that the country’s current account surplus had narrowed sharply to RM7.6bil, or 2.8% of GDP, in the third quarter from RM16bil, or 6.1% of GDP, in the second quarter, due mainly to lower goods trade surplus and larger deficits in the services, income and transfer accounts.
However, for the nine months to end-September this year, Malaysia’s current account surplus stood wider at RM43.4bil, or 5.5% of GDP, compared with RM25.1bil, or 3.5% of GDP, in the first nine months of 2013.
An economist said that the fear amongst currency traders was that Malaysia’s long streak of surplus since late-1998 might be broken, leading the country to a twin-deficit situation.
Malaysia has already been running on fiscal deficits for the past 16 years. Its fiscal-deficit-to-GDP ratio stood at 3.9% last year.
A narrowing of Malaysia’s current account surplus would give rise to concerns about the risk of the country slipping into twin deficits, a situation where an economy is running both fiscal and current deficits.
An economy with twin deficits is particularly vulnerable to capital reversals, which could impact the value of its currency, as was the case with India and Indonesia last year when their financial markets and currencies took a huge battering, as investors withdrew from emerging economies with twin deficits, because these countries were deemed to be structurally weak.
However, the countries have seen an appreciation in their currencies this year, as investors were optimistic of structural reforms in the economy.
The consensus view among economists is that the country’s current account surplus would narrow through 2015, driven by lower goods trade surplus and continued deficits in the services account.
On concerns of weaker exports next year weighing on the country’s current account, Zeti said the diversification of Malaysian exports in terms of markets and products had resulted in 60% of the country’s exports being destined for the Asian region, which remained the growth centre of the world.
Zeti pointed out that most of the region’s economies were no longer export-led but driven more by domestic demand, thanks to various reform initiatives that have been made in recent years.
“Most of Malaysia’s exports now are for final demand, and not for re-exports to third countries,” she said.
On falling crude oil prices, Zeti said Malaysia would need to make an assessment on whether the decline of the commodity was due to temporary factors, or a permanent trend.
“The trend (of falling oil prices) has just begun, so we are monitoring it closely to see where it (oil price) will settle,” she said.