Malaysia's planned city

  • Malaysia
  • Monday, 13 Jun 2011

Whimsical streetlamps, avant-garde architecture, splashes of greenery ... sometimes, you don’t have to be a psychiatrist to catch a glimpse of one man’s psyche.

In the vast, leafy expanse of the Agriculture Heritage Park of Putrajaya, a curious press photographer inadvertently committed durian murder. It’s not as difficult as one might think. While the King of Fruits may seem menacing in its full size, all it takes is a single touch to end the life of a juvenile.

“You’re not supposed to touch the baby durian!” exclaims our tour guide, Yusriza Yusof, in response to the photographer’s reckless move.


He sighs, knowing full well that his warning came two seconds too late.

“That’s it ... now it’ll fall from the tree in a few days.”

Even though a durian is more fragile than it looks, it’s still more resilient than a cocoa tree. Cocoa beans may taste nothing like Cadbury or Hershey’s, but worldwide demand for it far outstrips supply, simply because it’s one of the most difficult crops to grow. The flesh of an unprocessed bean is tangy and sour yet indescribably yummy, making it susceptible to attacks from insects and humans alike.

That, I suppose, is the place’s main objective: to educate those who don’t know any better. It’s more like an interactive orchard, where visitors are encouraged to touch, taste, see and smell all kinds of crops, from household favourites such as pineapple or pomegranate to lesser-known varieties like the sapodilla, noni or nam-nam.

Given that Malaysia was once the top rubber-producing country in the world, a large section of the park is also dedicated to rubber trees — 1,400 of them to be exact. It’s here that guests can witness the entire latex-manufacturing process, from tapping to smoking.

“Do you know that all F1 tyres, jet tyres and condoms utilise genuine rubber because it is far more superior than synthetic types? Demand is very high right now. Unfortunately, no one wants to tap rubber anymore because it’s hard work,” says Yusriza, as he gingerly slices one millimetre off the bark of a rubber tree.


He swipes the milky, white substance off with a finger and holds it out to us.

“Here, want to try some?” he offers. An old lady from the UK thinks it’s delicious.

She says, “I’ve never seen a rubber tree in my 95 years of life so it doesn’t matter if latex is edible or not, I’m going to eat it anyway.”

Food for toffs

For a city that looks like a dystopian science-fiction novella, Putrajaya is greener than one expects. There are more than a dozen parks in and around this city, although many of them are purged of visitors on a blistering weekday.

But step away from the leafy respite, and you’ll also notice that the wide boulevards and streets loop their way around big, awe-inspiring monuments like the Putra Mosque or Palace of Justice are also disconcertingly empty, as if its residents have mysteriously vanished overnight.

“How can it be a city when there’s nobody in it, eh?” asks an Iranian journalist.

Make no mistake: there are approximately 70,000 inhabitants here. The figure may be way below the Government’s initial target of 350,000 inhabitants, but it’s growing slowly and steadily as more and more civil servants partake in the great move that began in 1993, when Putrajaya became the country’s new administrative capital.

“I think we should be proud of the fact that it’s actually one of 13 administrative capitals in the world,” announces Mohammad Salleh Hussein, or Sam, an articulate gentleman in his 70s who works part-time showing visitors around the city he so adores.


Putrajaya was, incidentally, Perang Besar up until 1994. This name was given by a couple of sentimental British soldiers who had fought in World War I and purchased some land after retiring from the army in the hope of starting a rubber plantation.

“The Government probably changed the name when they realised it wasn’t so conducive,” says Sam, adding that the idea for a new administrative city was not recent.

“It had already been suggested during the 80s. Kuala Lumpur was getting very congested, and the Government offices were scattered throughout the city, making work inefficient and communication difficult.”

In the beginning, many civil servants were unhappy about resettling in Putrajaya, prompting former Prime Minister Tun Mahathir Mohamad to buy a home here. He wanted to set an example for others to follow.

The Seri Perdana Complex — as the Prime Minister’s official residence has come to be named — sits prettily atop a hill and overlooks some of the most breathtaking scenery in Malaysia. The sprawling building, which lies behind a high wall with beefed-up security, is a combination of Malay, Islamic and European architecture.

No one can deny that it’s a grand property built to serve a grand purpose. Over the years, the complex has welcomed a number of foreign dignitaries and heads of state, the most recent one being those from the Kingdom of Lesotho.

“Parts of the building were open to the public until Tun Abdullah Badawi took over. Datuk Seri Najib has since reopened these two blocks so visitors can see what it’s like,” says the complex representative, Joe, leading me through a maze of imported furniture, old family portraits and expensive sculptures in the protocol block.

“I don’t think you’d be able to see the Prime Minister even if he’s around,” assures Joe, who has not met Najib before, despite being a full-time employee at the complex.

But while the Seri Perdana Complex may be Presint 10’s most famous home, it certainly isn’t the only expensive one around. Presint 10 is, in Sam’s words, the “posh precinct” of Putrajaya. There are no high-rises here, only million-ringgit bungalows surrounded by well-tended lawns.

“Of the 20 precincts in Putrajaya, Presint 10 is meant to be like 10 Downing Street in London,” says Sam, smiling. “So you see, English isn’t the only legacy we’ve inherited from the British.”


Not just fluff

Traces of colonialism are evident not just in our language or a street address, but also our love for horse riding. The Equestrian Park, then, is Putrajaya’s answer to Britain’s Ascot Racecourse, minus the racing. It’s a world-class equestrian centre with a sprawling polo field and a hundred stables.

“A good many polo tournaments have been held here, mainly by royalty,” says Sam. “Of course, the public is always welcome to look on. During the five-minute half-time, spectators can participate in divot stomping, a social tradition where spectators wander all over the field stomping down the torn-up turf.”

At the stables, we find a beautiful brown steed named Gatita, one of the 30 personal horses that are kept there.

“That’s one of Tun Mahathir’s horse,” says the stable help. “He rarely comes here but he takes them out for a ride when he does.”

“Mahathir” — it is difficult to pass through Putrajaya without hearing his name mentioned a number of times. He is, after all, the man responsible for the city’s blueprint, its skyline and its soul.

“He buried two time capsules here,” says Sam. “It contains his personal message to all Malaysians. I’m not sure if I’ll still be around when they open it in 2020, but I’d really like to see what he says.”

In any case, Putrajaya is an amalgamation of everything Mahathir’s seen during his travels and taken a liking to, from magnificent pavilions in Morocco, to the Champs-Élysées in Paris and the Bosphorus River in Istanbul. In Putrajaya, it is the 650ha man-made lake and wetlands that takes centrestage among other attractions.

“The lake is 12m deep in certain areas,” says Sam.

“There are 30 to 40 different types of fish in there, some of which are really gigantic because they’ve been here since the lake was formed. It is illegal to fish here, you know, and they’ve got the marine police working full-time just to make sure you don’t.”


There are, however, plenty of other legal activities if visitors are looking to spend a day at the lake, including water sports (the lake has hosted a number of international waterski and wakeboard championships throughout the years) and the very popular sightseeing cruise that departs from the Putra Bridge daily.

“The water is clean. That’s why they constructed the wetlands, to remove pollutants and to clean the water before it enters the lake,” says Sam.

Built in 2001, the Wetlands Park is akin to the city’s kidney. Without it, the water in Putrajaya will not be safe enough to drink, let alone touch, while the fish will probably take on a strange phosphorescent glow.

“About 70 different types of aquatic plants gathered from different spots in Malaysia are planted in 24 cells in order to serve as a natural water filtration system,” says Sam, as we marvel at the gradual transformation of the consistency and colour of the water as it passes through the different cells.

“The wetlands don’t just absorb waste, it is also used to mitigate floods during heavy rains. There is nothing like this anywhere else in our country and we’re in the midst of selling this idea to the Middle East.”

As we stroll along the road at dusk, local and migratory birds flutter and swirl above our heads and squawk at our feet. There are flamingos, storks, African swans, jungle fowls, purple herons, great egrets and birds with names that sound as foreign as the land they come from. It seems like the wetlands have received their stamp of approval from creatures great and small.

“We used to hold international bird singing contests here before the bird flu hit,” says Sam, before bidding us goodbye.

bird's eye view

Back in the city, the buildings take on an ethereal glow as the orange sun sinks below the horizon. Only a few inhabitants retreat into the city’s only shopping mall, Alamanda Putrajaya, for dinner. In the deserted food court, the only sounds that are heard are the muffled footsteps of the food vendors who are overcome with restlessness and impatience to go home.

“It’s not our objective to compete with KL,” says Shukri Hassan, when he welcomes us at the Cruise Tasik Putrajaya terminal for our dinner cruise.

“If you want to shop, you go to KL. But if you need some R&R, you come here. That’s why we have only one mall and we intend to keep it that way.”

As we dine under the stars in a Malaysian version of the bateau-mouche, we pass different architectural landmarks and Arabesque flights of fancy — domes, pavilions, minarets and columns.

This is a city that looks and feels more Persian than Malaysian, more Islamic than secular. It is a city that takes some getting used to, but once you walk its boulevards and roam its parks, the stillness that permeates every corner of every street will creep into your veins like a drug. And you will return, time and again, for another hit. - By Louisa Lim

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