It’s been left for dead more than once, written off as nothing but a bubble and denounced as rat poison by one of the world’s most famous investors. Yet Bitcoin is once again staging a comeback reminiscent of the token’s glory days, with evangelists pegging their hopes on a technical event as the new catalyst.
True believers say the gains are driven by Bitcoin’s upcoming halving, when the rewards miners receive for processing transactions will be cut in half as soon as May 12. The Internet is glutted with second-by-second countdown clocks and the mania is even spurring a hike in hiring by crypto firms worldwide. Bitcoin has rallied to more than US$9,000 (RM38,903) in anticipation from around US$6,000 (RM25,935) just a month ago, adding more than US$1.3bil (RM5.61bil) in value.
"Narratives in the world of blockchain act like the Force in Star Wars – they mysteriously move and shape the market,” said George McDonaugh, co-founder of crypto and blockchain investment firm KR1. "You couldn’t be blamed for getting a little excited about what’s to come.”
Bitcoin halvings, which slow down the rate at which new tokens are created, happen once every four years or so. Its third such event is set to occur next week. Sceptics argue crypto prices are notoriously volatile and often difficult to pin explanations to, positing that any appreciation should be priced in ahead of time. But crypto fans cite historical precedent.
Bitcoin’s undergone two prior halvings – or halvenings, as they’re sometimes called – which saw its price appreciate in the aftermath. The world’s largest token rose from around US$12 (RM52) to over US$1,000 (RM4,322) in the year following its 2012 cut in rewards, and advanced about 1,000% in the wake of the 2016 halving, though that reduction happened at a time when the coin was gaining greater mainstream recognition.
The frenzy around digital currencies took it to near US$20,000 (RM86,452) the following year before it crashed, with the coin still trading about 50% below 2017’s all-time highs.
But Bitcoin has historically bottomed 459 days prior to the halving, risen leading into the event and exploded to the upside afterward, according to research from Pantera Capital. Post-halving rallies have averaged 446 days – should history repeat itself, Bitcoin could peak around August 2021.
Wallet growth has also spiked, rising 2% in April, the largest monthly increase since at least November. To Nicholas Colas at DataTrek Research, there’s two possible explanations: bored, locked-down gamblers and sports betters are finding their way into cryptocurrencies amid the coronavirus shutdown, while many are also getting excited about Bitcoin’s halving, he wrote in a recent note.
To be sure, many crypto fans also point to unprecedented monetary and fiscal stimulus unleashed by central banks around the world as a catalyst for prices to advance. Whatever the reason, the recent bull-run hype has ushered in the return of sky-high price targets.
Global Macro Investor’s Raoul Pal projects Bitcoin could reach US$1mil (RM4.32mil) in the next three- to five years. Though the halving isn’t the key driver behind his prediction, it could be a potential accelerant.
"It is already the best performing asset in all recorded history,” Pal wrote in a recent presentation. "It was born out of the financial crisis for exactly what is about to come in this crisis. This is literally what Bitcoin was invented for.”
Jefferies LLC analyst Christopher Wood in his weekly "Greed & Fear” newsletter recommended investors – including institutions – buy Bitcoin ahead of the halving, citing the token’s prior price surges around the event.
"To invest in Bitcoin it is necessary to believe the system has integrity in the sense that the supply is truly limited,” he wrote. The digital token should be a source of diversification "precisely because of its truly decentralised nature”, he said.
Venture capitalist Tim Draper predicts Bitcoin could hit US$250,000 (RM1.08mil) by 2022 or the first quarter of 2023. "Bitcoin adoption will spread because Bitcoin is simply a better currency than any of the political currencies that are tied to governments and political whims,” he said, citing fiscal and monetary stimulus as possible accelerators for adoption.
To Antoni Trenchev, co-founder and managing director of crypto-lender Nexo, Bitcoin could reach US$50,000 (RM216,130) by the end of the year, implying a 470% surge from current levels. Though the halving may already be priced in, it will lead to huge appreciation over time, he said.
"Critics can disparage Bitcoin as much as they like, but it’s by far the best performing asset of the past decade,” he said. "We’re bullish about its future.”
Trenchev is seeing "huge” demand for his firm’s products ahead of the coin’s halving. "We’re not hiring because of the halving per se. We’re hiring because the halving has been lifting Bitcoin and will continue to do so,” he said.
A number of crypto exchanges have also embarked on hiring sprees. Kraken LLC and Binance Holdings Ltd are expanding their workforces, as are OkEx and Coinbase Inc.
David Janczewski, the chief executive officer and founder of Cardiff, Wales-based Coincover, said any market event that impacts adoption is a positive for his business.
"That’s part of what we see – when the last spike happened, we know that an awful lot of people moved into the market because they felt they ought to get in on the action,” said Janczewski, whose firm offers insurance against crypto thefts and scams. "Ultimately, anything that causes the market to be aware, or wider investment markets to be aware of crypto, tends to be a good thing from our perspective.” – Bloomberg