BEIJING: An eastern Chinese province plans to ban teachers from assigning homework to be completed on cellphone apps as part of efforts to preserve students’ eyesight.
Zhejiang province issued a draft regulation last week and is seeking public comment. It is one of several provinces considering such measures.
Along with barring app-based homework assignments, the Zhejiang regulation would limit the use of electronic devices to 30% of total teaching time and encourage the issuing of paper homework to be completed by hand.
Soaring rates of near-sightedness are blamed partly on screen usage. While China’s overall rate of myopia is 31%, among high school students it stands at 77% and among college students 80%.
The regulation aims to pull that back to 70% among senior high school students, with rates among primary school students targeted at 38% and junior high school students at 60%.
The regulation would bar primary and middle school students from bringing electronic devices into classrooms without permission, restrict amounts of homework assigned and increase the time for breaks, sports and extra-curricular activities.
It says no written homework at all should be assigned to 1st and 2nd graders.
Already, national education authorities have issued a proposal to prevent teachers from using the popular WeChat or QQ messaging apps for assigning homework and banned them from asking parents to mark their children’s work. The education ministry also called for only paper homework assignments for primary and middle school students “in principle.”
Still, mobile devices are unlikely to be abandoned entirely as a means of supplementing classwork. Language apps, especially those for learning English pronunciation, are extremely popular with students, many of whom are more likely to own smartphones than home computers.
Limiting screen time is of particular concern in Asia, where rates of myopia tend to be higher than in Europe and North America. With a level of myopia estimated at 80%, the Southeast Asian city state of Singapore is believed have the highest percentage of near-sighted people. – AP