The Coalition for Clean and Fair Elections (Bersih 2.0) acknowledges that it is the right of Sabah Chief Minister Datuk Seri Mohd Shafie Apdal to call for the dissolution of the Sabah state assembly to pave the way for fresh state elections due to defections by state assemblymen from his ruling coalition. However, we wish to reiterate that the perennial problem of defections by elected representatives that result in collapses of both state and federal governments will remain in Malaysian politics as long as our law permits it.
An election may not guarantee a resolution to the political impasse if the outcome remains fragmented and politicians refuse to accept the outcome as final and respect the five-year mandate given to the winning coalition.
Bersih 2.0 calls on all stakeholders to re-examine the root causes and weaknesses in our laws that give incentives to our politicians to indulge in party-hopping and support reforms that would bring stability to our political situation.
Among the reforms that we have advocated for are:
1. The recall election as a mechanism to deter party defections. This is a mechanism that would empower constituents of the defecting reps to have the opportunity to initiate a recall or removal of the rep if they disagree with the defection.
2. Comprehensive political financing reform to deter politicians from defecting for major incentives such as seats on the boards of government-linked corporations or because of the threat of not being given equal constituency development funds, and no public funding of political parties.
3. End selective prosecution or immunity by separating the the function of the Attorney General and that of the Public Prosecutor. All key institutions should also be free from the direct or indirect influence of the Prime Minister.
4. Change the electoral system to allow a direct mandate for the party so that at least some seats remain with the party which wins them instead of with the candidates.
We call upon all parties taking part in the state elections to make their stand clear on these four reforms and the voters to consider them at polling booths if they treasure democracy and political stability.
It should also be noted that the snap election will be held while the Covid-19 virus is still a threat to public health and additional safety protocols and personnel would be required to ensure that the campaigning and polling would not lead to another outbreak.
Bersih 2.0 calls on voters in Sabah to come out in large numbers to vote and to ensure that the election is free and fair, and clean from money politics so that the outcome will be credible.
We also call on the Election Commission to allow Sabahans working in the peninsula to register as postal voters in view of the high cost of flying home to vote and also the risk of spreading the Covid-19 virus.
STEERING COMMITTEE OF BERSIH 2.0
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