Sunday July 10, 2005
Troop that relied on the sixth sense
WHEN men from the Senoi Praaq joined the team of rescuers looking for four boys Chew Tsyr Yee, 16, his brothers Tsyr Han, 14, and Tsyr Meng, 10, and their cousin Jeremy Teo, nine who had gone missing in Fraser's Hill last month, hope of finding them soon was raised considerably.
Those who knew of the Senoi Praaq, which media reports described as famed and legendary, felt that if anyone could find the boys, it would be them because they were reputed to be the best trackers in the country.
And sure enough, the boys were located by a group that comprised a former member of the Senoi Praaq, Rapi Bata.
The Senoi Praaq is a police unit made up almost entirely of orang asli members. The name Senoi Praaq, in the Semai language, literally means war people or those who fight.
War people traverse the deep darkness of the rainforests that border Malaysia. They move swiftly and silently through the thick undergrowth that most others would find virtually impossible to penetrate. Their effortless progress seems to suggest that they rely on a sixth sense rather than the usual five to navigate their path.
Although many members are Senoi, one of three major orang asli groups in Malaysia, the unit is made up of orang asli from all 18 sub-ethnic tribes in the country.
LEGENDARY FORCE: Asmawi explains the history of the Senoi Praaq atthe Orang Asli Museum in Gombak. Behind him is a life-sized mannequinin a Senoi Praaq uniform. — STARpiC by AZHAR MAHROF
One of the units main functions today is to secure the borders of the nation, but half a century ago the words Senoi Praaq struck fear in the heart of communist rebels in the country.
The Senoi Praaq unit was the brainchild of one R.O.D Noone, an officer in the then British-administered Malaya. The unit was established in May 1956 and Noone became its commanding officer, serving from 1957 to 1961.
The Senoi Praaq came into being not to satisfy some casual whim of Noones but rather to answer a pressing need, says Orang Asli Museum Director Asmawi Mohamed Yunos.
The British formed this unit to control communist activities in the jungles of Malaya, he says.
According to historical data, he says, the British were worried when they realised communist insurgents were living in close proximity with orang asli communities in the jungle.
They were concerned that it wouldnt be long before the communists influenced these people to fight for their cause and the British wished to avoid this.
Even then, the extraordinary jungle survival and tracking skills of the orang asli were well known, and it was feared that if these skills were used to support the communists, it could prove to be the undoing of the British.
Fortunately, the orang asli were eventually won over and this led the way toward the formation of the Senoi Praaq.
Asmawi says the British took an interest in orang asli affairs at the time and were, to some extent, familiar with their ways. The British spoke to them in Malay or used a Malay translator when they needed to communicate with them, he says.
The 22nd regiment British Special Air Services (SAS) officially trained the original troop of 40 orang asli and gave them their famous red berets, which members of the unit wear to this day. (In 1997, the red berets were replaced by blue berets, but they were restored in 2003.)
The Senoi Praaq are the only unit other than the SAS who have the honour of wearing the red berets.
The innate skills the orang asli possessed and the SAS training they received proved to be a powerful combination that turned the Senoi Praaq into a formidable fighting force.
There are numerous tales about the stealth, endurance, strength and ferocious fighting skills exhibited by the unit particularly during their heyday when they fought communists regularly, says Asmawi, who regularly chats with elderly orang asli visiting the museum in Gombak.
GOLDEN ERA: The Senoi Praaq Battalion 20. The unit came into being not to satisfy a whim of its founder Noone but rather to control communist activities in the jungles of Malaya. — Pictures courtesy of the Orang Asli Museum
They tell me about the old days, the golden era of the Senoi Praaq, he says.
Asmawi relates how a single member of the Senoi Praaq could eliminate 10 communists at a time. Written accounts on the Senoi Praaq describe a time when more communists met a violent end at their hands than any other security forces unit.
They used guns or jungle equipment such as sharpened bamboo sticks and they also used to set traps called belantik, says Asmawi.
The belantik was normally used to trap animals but the Senoi Praaq also used them on the communists. A contraption made with roots, rotan and ropes, the belantik was cleverly hidden among leaves and grass.
It was like a sharp stick that could go right through the body, Asmawi says.
Senoi Praaq members were also known to be exceptionally strong despite their diminutive stature. Their lifestyle involved hard labour and they carried heavy loads on their back, some of which equalled their own body weight, every day, says Asmawi.
Having lived all their lives in the jungle, they had a distinct advantage over the communists, as they were familiar with paths that were unknown to others.
They could surprise the communists by using shortcuts and cutting a journey by half so they could move ahead and lie in wait for them, relates Asmawi.
Today the Senoi Praaq is a part of the General Operations Force of the Royal Malaysian Police (RMP). At the start, the Senoi Praaq unit served as a British SAS auxiliary but was absorbed into the RMP on Feb 8 1968.
The two battalions that exist now are Battalion 3 in Bidor and Battalion 18 in Pengkalan Hulu, Perak. The Senoi Praaq are constantly patrolling the jungles in the country, helping to keep illicit activities like smuggling, human trafficking, illegal migration and other serious crimes in check.
They are also sometimes called in to employ their exceptional jungle tracking skills to find people who have gone missing.
Although the days of fighting communists are a thing of the past, Asmawi says the legend that is the Senoi Praaq lives on. The same zeal and dedication they employed during the struggle to suppress communism is now evident as they patrol the nations borders.
Some say they are so disciplined that not even a grain of rice can get across the border when they are on guard, he says.
Related Stories:Guided by 'spirits of the forest' My life in the Senoi Praaq