Spain's Sanchez to seek new PM term amid uproar over amnesty bill


  • World
  • Monday, 13 Nov 2023

FILE PHOTO: Spain's acting Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez smiles after signing an agreement with Andoni Ortuzar, the president of the Basque Nationalist Party (PNV), that will support Sanchez's bid to clinch another term in office at the Parliament in Madrid, Spain, November 10, 2023. REUTERS/Susana Vera/File photo

MADRID (Reuters) -Spain's acting Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez will seek to clinch a new four-year term in a parliament vote on Thursday, the chamber's speaker said on Monday, just as his party submitted a contentious bill granting amnesty for Catalan separatists.

Sanchez, in power since 2018, looks assured of winning a new term by a narrow margin in the 350-member assembly in exchange for the planned amnesty law for those prosecuted over Catalonia's attempts to secede from Spain since 2012.

The prospect of amnesty has brought thousands of opponents to the streets for 11 nights in a row.

A draft of the bill - agreed after months of negotiations with Catalan separatist parties ERC and Junts - would exempt several crimes from the amnesty, such as terrorism or acts that have resulted in death.

"For those who have already had an administrative process, the record and sanctions will be cancelled, and if it is open, it will end the procedure," explained Minister of the Presidency Felix Bolanos at a press conference after submitting the draft in Congress. "We are returning to politics what should never have left politics."

Those who facilitated Catalonia's two independence votes in 2014 or 2017 will receive amnesty. Those who tried to prevent the ballots - such as police officers accused of using excessive force - are also protected by the proposed law.

"School directors, civil servants, firefighters and police officers will be included in the amnesty," Bolanos told reporters.

According to local media estimates, it will benefit at least 409 defendants charged with various crimes over the years, of whom at least 73 are police officers.

Carles Puigdemont, the self-exiled pro-independence leader and a fugitive from Spanish justice for his role in the 2017 events, appears to be covered as the bill says that "the arrest warrants - domestic, European or international - for those persons to whom this amnesty applies shall be without effect".

He still faces an investigation related to organising a secretive protest group that could qualify as terrorism.

In an apparent concession by separatists following their illegal referendum in 2017, the text states that all political paths "need to transit within the national and international legal framework".

"The constitution is defended by approving this regulation, through dialogue between people who think differently," said Bolanos, who claimed that the fact that the pro-independence parties reached a pact within the legal framework shows a step forward.

The European Union's foreign policy chief, Spaniard Josep Borrell, said on Monday the agreements with pro-Catalan independence parties gave him "some concern or quite a few concerns", without elaborating further. Borrell is a Socialist who served as Sanchez's foreign minister in 2018-19.

Spain's main business association said in a statement Sanchez's deals came during "an increasingly complicated business climate", could distort market unity and deteriorate Spain's image abroad.

After an inconclusive election on July 23, Sanchez's Socialist Party spent weeks negotiating support with smaller parties. Hard-left Sumar is set to become the junior partner in the coalition government.

His premiership bid is expected to garner 179 votes in favour and 171 against - mainly from the conservative People's Party and far-right Vox.

(Reporting by Inti Landauro, Belén Carreño, Joan Faus and David Latona; Editing by Andrew Cawthorne, Andrei Khalip and Josie Kao)

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