CHICAGO, Aug. 7 (Xinhua) -- The latest results from an ongoing national survey of attitudes about COVID-19 found two-thirds of Americans were either "somewhat" or "extremely" likely to vaccinate themselves and their children against the novel coronavirus when such a vaccine becomes available.
Enthusiasm for a potential COVID-19 vaccine varied greatly across the states. Rates of those describing themselves as "somewhat" or "extremely" likely to vaccinate fell below 60 percent in 11 states mostly in the South and Mountain West regions, while they exceeded 70 percent in 11 states across varied regions of the country. Likewise, partisanship played a role in enthusiasm for a vaccine: 62 percent of Republicans said they would be likely to seek vaccination, compared with 75 percent of Democrats.
For those likely to vaccinate, 62 percent identified the need to protect themselves and their families as a motivation, 45 percent cited protecting people in their community and 59 percent identified recommendations of medical professionals.
Both young adults aged 18-24 and older adults aged above 65 more often said they would be likely to be vaccinated, at 71 percent and 73 percent respectively, than those aged 25-44 and 45-64, at 63 percent and 64 percent, respectively.
The survey, posted on the website of Northwestern University (NU) on Thursday, also discovered racial disparities in vaccination likelihood.
"One of the most notable findings is the racial disparity with African-Americans reporting substantially lower likelihoods of being vaccinated," said James Druckman, a professor of political science in the Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences at NU. "Given the disproportional effect the virus has had on African-Americans, this is an important gap to consider moving forward."
When it came to vaccinations, the disparity was due to attitudes, not outcomes, according to the report. While 67 percent of Whites, 71 percent of Hispanics and 77 percent of Asian American respondents said they were likely to vaccinate, just 52 percent of African-American respondents said the same. Respondents with lower levels of education, and lower incomes, also said they were less likely to seek a vaccine.
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