Japan opens door wider to foreign blue-collar workers despite criticism

  • World
  • Saturday, 08 Dec 2018

Filipina Gladys Gayeta, 22, a trainee at Starlite Co. car parts factory, works with her fellow trainee worker in Akitakata, Hiroshima prefecture, western Japan November 28, 2018. Picture taken November 28, 2018. REUTERS/Linda Sieg

TOKYO (Reuters) - Japan, in a major policy shift, enacted on Saturday a law to let in more foreign, blue-collar workers to ease a labour shortage, despite criticism it was too hastily crafted and risked exposing the workers to exploitation.

Immigration has long been taboo in a country where many prize ethnic homogeneity, but the shrinking, ageing population has increased pressure to relax strict controls on foreign workers.

The legislation, which was approved by parliament's upper house in the early hours after delaying tactics by opposition parties, will take effect from April. It creates two new categories of visas for blue-collar workers in sectors facing a labour crunch.

One category is for workers who can stay for up to five years but cannot bring family members. The other is for more skilled foreigners who can bring relatives and might eventually be eligible for residency.

Details including how many foreign workers will be let in, what sectors are covered and what skills are needed are not spelled out in the law, one reason opposition lawmakers say more time should have been spent drafting the legislation.

The government has said that up to 345,150 blue-collar workers will be allowed in over five years. Initially, a figure of 500,000 was considered.

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is eager to respond to demands from businesses facing the tightest labour market in four decades.

But he is also wary of angering conservatives in his party who fear more foreigners would mean a rise in crime and cultural clashes.

He has therefore insisted the new steps do not add up to an "immigration policy", stressing instead the need to fill labour- market gaps.

But critics say the government should accept the need for long-term foreign residents, not only to fill jobs but to pay taxes and spend money, and should make better plans to integrate them.

"For the national government, foreign residents are forgotten people ... and those who stay are the exception," said Toshihiro Menju, managing director of the Japan Center for International Exchange think-tank.

The changes have fanned concern that the defects of a "technical trainees" programme, introduced in the 1990s, will be perpetuated. Critics see that programme as an exploitative backdoor to unskilled foreign labour and want it abolished.

"Because the trainee programme got a bad image, they are just re-labelling it," said Yohei Moriwake, head of a non-profit organisation in Akitakata, a rural city in southwest Japan that wants to attract more foreigners to stem its population decline.

Japan has about 1.28 million foreign workers - more than double the figure a decade ago and about 2 percent of the workforce. About 260,000 are trainees from countries such as Vietnam and China who can stay three to five years.

Japanese businesses are keen - a Reuters survey showed three-quarters welcomed the planned changes - but voters are divided over the new legislation.

A November survey by NHK public TV showed 27 percent approved, 30 percent disapproved and 36 percent were undecided.

A majority - 62 percent - saw no need to rush the revision through this session of parliament, which ends on Monday.

(Reporting by Linda Sieg; Editing by Robert Birsel and Daniel Wallis)

Article type: metered
User Type: anonymous web
User Status:
Campaign ID: 1
Cxense type: free
User access status: 3

Next In World

Egypt seizes ship that blocked Suez Canal, demands US$900mil compensation
New Zealand mosque shooter launches legal challenge to prison conditions, terrorist status
South Korea aims to fight Japan's Fukushima decision in world tribunal
Myanmar activists stage 'bloody' protests against military
India's new coronavirus infections hit record as Hindu devotees immerse in Ganges
Biden ready to announce U.S. withdrawal, even as peace eludes Afghanistan
15 years of Spotify: How the streaming giant has changed and reinvented the music industry
Guatemalan refuses to appoint graft-fighting top judge
Brazil Senate pushes forward with probe of Bolsonaro's COVID-19 response
Australia returns to "war footing" amid COVID-19 vaccine turmoil

Stories You'll Enjoy