10 hard facts about diabetes

  • Nation Premium
  • Sunday, 10 Nov 2013

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas completely stops making any insulin (a hormone that helps the body process glucose in foods for energy). Scientists suspect environmental factors, viruses or genetics playing a role in a person developing type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is caused when the body doesn’t produce sufficient insulin and/or is unable to use insulin properly. This form of diabetes usually happens in people over 40 years of age, overweight, and has a history of diabetes in their family.

2 You cannot catch diabetes from someone else

You cannot catch diabetes from someone else like a cold or flu; it is not an infectious or contagious disease. Although scientists are not entirely sure what causes diabetes, there appears to be a genetic link with the disorder. This means that if diabetes runs in your family, you may have a higher chance of getting the disease.

3 Fat people do not always develop diabetes

Being overweight or obese does increase the risk of developing but it does not mean that an obese person will definitely become diabetic. And there are still many diabetics who were never overweight.

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