Reeling from drought to deluge


A boy looking on as others play and swim at an inundated football pitch following flash floods in Garissa. The Horn of Africa is experiencing torrential rainfall and floods linked to El Nino climate pattern. Several communities are isolated as thousands of homes have been destroyed or damaged by floods that struck at least 33 of Kenya’s 47 counties, killing more than 70 people and displacing many across the East African nation. — AFP

DAYS after floodwaters swallowed her home in eastern Kenya, Fatuma Hassan Gumo waded through thigh-deep murky water to collect her only remaining possessions – floating utensils.

Flash floods from the Tana river in Garissa, a county on the border with Somalia, forced the 42-year-old fruit vendor to flee at night from her submerged home built from mud and corrugated metal sheets to the nearest dry land with her family of 12, including seven children.

They are among thousands of people left homeless and destitute by torrential rains that have lashed much of Kenya, killing more than 70 people.

The Horn of Africa – only slowly emerging from a devastating drought that left millions hungry – is experiencing heavy rainfall and floods linked to the El Nino weather phenomenon.

The latest disaster has claimed dozens of lives and caused large-scale displacement in Kenya as well as Somalia and Ethiopia.

Halan Subeir Salat trying to collect some water at the inundated area where she lives following flash floods in Garissa. — AFPHalan Subeir Salat trying to collect some water at the inundated area where she lives following flash floods in Garissa. — AFP

“The waters have ruined everything,” a distressed Gumo said as she folded her soaked hijab, oblivious to the health risks from the overflowing pit latrine next to her.

“My life is in a very bad state right now.”

At a camp for the displaced in the heart of Garissa town, hurriedly set up near an aid agency’s warehouse, Mwana Juma Hassan sat outside her white domed tent, her eyes downcast.

“Eating here has become a luxury. We don’t know when we will eat the next meal,” she said.

A woman standing in front of the shelter where she lives with her family at an internally displaced persons camp. — AFPA woman standing in front of the shelter where she lives with her family at an internally displaced persons camp. — AFP

It is the fourth time the 37-year-old widow has been displaced by floods in less than a decade, and the latest downpour has washed away her watermelon farm – her only source of income.

Along with her teenage daughter, Hassan said they plan to return home after the water recedes, fearing starvation at the camp.

About 500 people there had to brave four nights of unrelenting rains, sleeping on sodden clothes, before the Kenya Red Cross provided tents, said 60-year-old mat weaver Amina Duke Gabuku.

There are growing concerns that the camp’s poor sanitary conditions and lack of clean water could spread disease, but other concerns weigh on Gabuku’s mind.

“How can one kilogramme of rice be enough for seven kids when everyone wants a full belly?” Gakubu said, referring to the food handouts.

Fourteen such camps have been set up in Garissa in two weeks, housing more than 7,000 people.

A boy carrying a water can while kicking another at the internally displaced persons camp for those affected by the floods. — AFPA boy carrying a water can while kicking another at the internally displaced persons camp for those affected by the floods. — AFP

The floods have hit at a time when most of the largely pastoral county’s 800,000 people are suffering from food insecurity and rely on international aid.

Mohamed Dubow, Garissa county director for special programmes, said the situation could “get out of hand” if there is more rain.

He said at least 200,000 people are forecast to be affected by the flooding, with the Tana river already at about 3m above normal levels.

Almost the entire county was either “submerged, a no-go-zone or affected”.

The floods have wrecked the main road leading to Garissa’s northern neighbours Wajir and Mandera and cut off the highway to Nairobi, leaving hundreds of trucks stranded.

“The damaged road has brought a lot of problems, food has become scarce and the cost of living has gone up,” said community leader Dagane Haji.

People waiting for goods on top of the section of a road destroyed by flash floods at the Garissa-Wajir Road in Maalimin. — AFPPeople waiting for goods on top of the section of a road destroyed by flash floods at the Garissa-Wajir Road in Maalimin. — AFP

“The price of one kilogramme of sugar has risen to 250 shillings (over US$1.60) when it cost 150 shillings before the rains.”

In the camp, 49-year-old farmer Abubakar Maliyu Jillo said he feared the crisis could drag on and that he will not be able to provide for his four wives and 12 children.

“This is a hunger crisis,” he said, adding that a 300,000 shilling investment in his farm had been wiped out.

Humanitarian agencies and environmental campaigners have called for more financing to build the resilience of developing nations to the increasingly ferocious and expensive consequences of climate change – countries that contributing least to its cause.

“This vicious cycle makes it nearly impossible for these communities to maintain any economic progress they have achieved,” said Kunow Sheikh Abdi, country director for US development charity Mercy Corps.

“The scale and urgency of climate crisis is unprecedented, and while it can be daunting, it cannot paralyse us,” he said.

Dubow, meanwhile, warned that local residents need to brace themselves for harsher days ahead.

“We have two hazards coming at us day and night. We are either in drought or are in floods.” — AFP

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