THE legal profession, as inferred from the preamble to the Bar Council Malaysia’s Legal Profession Act 1976, constitutes the work of an advocate and solicitor (also called a barrister and solicitor, an attorney or lawyer).
Because law is such as a vast field, it is impossible for anyone to know each and every aspect of it. Law students, therefore, usually specialise in one or two focused areas, after mastering the basic knowledge and skills of the profession, such as drafting and advocacy.
Among the more common areas of specialisation are:
Criminal law – Cases where legal action is taken by the local, state or federal government against individuals or organisations for violations of law, for example, murder, arson, theft and robbery and drug trafficking; and
Civil law – Private cases such as estate planning, wills and inheritance, deeds, leases, mortgages, divorce and other family issues, or civil litigation, which are cases concerning a legal battle between two private parties, usually involving monetary compensation for damages, loss or debt collection.
However, law students can also opt to specialise in, among others, banking law, financial law, family law, real estate law, immigration law, Muslim law, intellectual property and international law.