Recent precipitation in US plains fails to lift shabby wheat health

Farmer Pablo Giailevra stands on his pasture field overgrown with dry weeds due to an ongoing drought, in Tostado, Santa Fe province, Argentina, Wednesday, Jan. 18, 2023. Thousands of heads of cattle have died in Santa Fe in recent weeks due to a prolonged drought that is also affecting the country's major soy, corn and wheat crops. (AP Photo/Gustavo Garello)

PARCHED winter wheat in the US Plains has received well above average precipitation this month and drought levels have improved since last fall, but crop health has not yet made a significant recovery.

Nationally, US winter wheat conditions at the end of November were nearly the worst ever for the date.

Further, updated state reports on Monday confirmed that the wheat-heavy Plains are still in need of cooperative weather going forward to avoid yield losses similar to last year.

Good or excellent

Winter wheat condition in top grower Kansas is 21% good or excellent (GE), identical to late November but up two points from the start of January.

Texas GE totals 14%, up from 11% a week earlier, but down from 21% two months ago.

Oklahoma’s conditions took the biggest dive at 17% GE this week versus 38% a month ago and 31% two months ago.

Colorado’s 38% GE, meanwhile, is better than all its late fall ratings but down from 50% a month ago.

The US Department of Agriculture earlier this month pegged combined winter wheat plantings in those top four states at 21 million acres.

This is up 11% on the year and accounting for 57% of the US total.

All US winter wheat area is estimated at an eight-year high.

Some 47% of winter wheat in Kansas is rated poor or very poor (PVP), down from 49% a month ago but up from 43% two months ago.

The Texas PVP is at 52% versus 29% in late November and Oklahoma’s 34% compares with 24% two months ago.

These states grow most of the country’s hard red winter variety.

It is possible that conditions are lagging following the very recent moisture in some areas, which if so, may lead to a ratings improvement in the next comprehensive release of state-level conditions at the end of February.

Wheat health is better in key soft red winter wheat states like Illinois and Missouri, where GE this week covers 69% and 68% of the crop, respectively.

But only 5% of the country’s winter wheat has been sown in these states.

Winter wheat at the US level was 34% GE and 26% PVP in the last assessment at the end of November.

National-level ratings will resume in April.

Forecast, drought, exports

This week, traders are monitoring an arctic blast cold enough to potentially injure some wheat in the Plains.

This is although many of the areas in question have at least an inch of snow on the ground, which protects plants against extreme cold.

Current forecasts suggest precipitation in the first half of February could lean above average for the Southern Plains.

This could potentially chip away at the stubborn drought, though wheat yields will be overwhelmingly dependent on March and April moisture.

Per last week’s drought monitor, some 59% of US winter wheat areas were covered by moderate or worse drought, unchanged from the previous two weeks.

That is down from the recent peak of 75% in late November and below 68% in the same week last year.

But exceptional drought, the most intense level on the scale, dominates 15% of winter wheat areas.

This was barely changed in the last two months and above 2% a year ago.

The heavy concentration of poor crop conditions in hard red winter wheat country does not bode well for overall US wheat exports.

Record low

The figure is already set to hit 51-year lows in 2022-23 and account for a record low 10% of global wheat trade.

According to US export inspection data for the 2019-20 marketing year, which was a decent season for both winter and spring wheat crops, hard red winter was the most heavily inspected wheat variety at 38% of the total.

Hard red spring wheat accounted for 28%, soft white winter 20%, soft red winter 9%, and durum and other wheat accounted for 5% of inspections. — Reuters

Karen Braun is a market analyst for Reuters. The views expressed here are the writer’s own.

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US , wheat , winter , arcticblast , yields , exports


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