EU reaches deal on post-pandemic recovery


  • Business
  • Wednesday, 22 Jul 2020

Stimulus galore: The European Central Bank has pumped huge amounts of money into economies to keep them going. — AP

BRUSSELS: European Union (EU) leaders agreed on a massive stimulus plan for their coronavirus-blighted economies at a pre-dawn meeting yesterday after a fractious summit that lasted almost five days.

Summit chairman Charles Michel tweeted “Deal” shortly after the 27 leaders reached agreement at a 5.15am plenary session.

“This agreement sends a concrete signal that Europe is a force for action, ” Michel said at a dawn news conference

“It is about a lot more than money. It is about workers and families, their jobs, their health and their well-being.

“I believe this agreement will be seen as a pivotal moment in Europe’s journey, but it will also launch us into the future.”

French president Emmanuel Macron said the deal was truly historic and that he was convinced the recovery plan and budget could meet the challenge of the coronavirus pandemic.

Officials said the deal, which came after Michel presented compromises on a €750bil recovery fund, is critical to dispel doubts about the bloc’s very future.

News of the deal saw the euro rise to a fresh four-month high of US$1.1470.

The EU was slow to coordinate its initial response to the Covid-19 pandemic and, already weakened by Britain’s departure from the bloc, a united front on economic aid would demonstrate that it can step up to a crisis and stay united.

“It has been a long summit and a challenging summit..., ” Irish prime minister Micheal Martin said as the Brussels summit approached the record length set at a 2000 meeting in the French city of Nice of almost five full days.

European nations have done a better job of containing the coronavirus than the United States after a devastating early few months that hit Italy and Spain particularly hard, collaborating on medical, travel and economic fronts.

The European Central Bank has pumped unparalleled money into economies to keep them going, while capitals hammer out their recovery fund.

Diplomats said the leaders appeared to put aside the rancour that stood in the way of a compromise over hours of haggling through the weekend.

Emotions had ran high at a dinner on Sunday as a group of fiscally frugal northern nations led by the Netherlands stood their ground on the level of free grants within a proposed special recovery fund of €750bil overall.

French president Macron lost patience in the early hours of Monday, banging his fist on the table in frustration at “sterile blockages” by the “frugals”, two diplomats said.

Polish prime minister Mateusz Morawiecki also railed against the “frugals”, branding them “a group of stingy, egotistic states” that looked at things through the prism of their own interests.

Poland would be a top beneficiary of the recovery package, receiving tens of billions of euros in grants and cheap loans, along with high-debt Mediterranean-rim countries that have taken the brunt of the pandemic in Europe.

But the rhetorical skirmishing faded on Monday, and the leaders homed in on an agreement on the stimulus package and, linked to it, the EU’s 2021-2027 common budget of around €1.1 trillion.

Hopes for a deal to help address Europe’s deepest recession since World War Two sent Italy’s borrowing costs to their lowest since early March and pushed the euro to a 19-week high.

Michel proposed that within the €750bil recovery fund, €390bil should be non-repayable grants, down from €500bil originally proposed, and the rest in repayable loans. — Reuters

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