DUBAI: When Saudi Arabia cut ties with Qatar in mid-2017, many international bankers chose to chase a potential fee windfall in Riyadh over doing deals with its rich but isolated neighbour.
They’re not willing to pick sides anymore.
Executives from HSBC Holdings Plc, Goldman Sachs Group Inc and other global banks are intensifying efforts to repair ties with Qatar’s finance ministry and sovereign wealth fund, according to interviews with people close to the lenders and Qatar’s government.
While the kingdom remains key for business, some bankers regret diverting their attention from Doha after being blindsided when the Saudis delayed the sale of a stake in oil giant Aramco in July, they said.
“Banks are never fond of picking sides, but decreasing tensions in this affair provide an opportunity for executives to explore normalising their activity,” said Ayham Kamel, Eurasia Group’s London-based practice head for Middle East and North Africa. “The geopolitical context for the Qatar crisis has changed, and at the very least, the crisis will not move in an escalatory direction.”
Bankers are especially keen to win back the trust of Finance Minister Ali Shareef Al Emadi, a man who sits on the boards of the country’s biggest bank, national airline and sovereign wealth fund, said one person with direct knowledge of the government.
In December, about a dozen managing directors from global banks descended on Doha for the Euromoney conference where Emadi was speaking. Some flew in from Dubai via Oman or Kuwait since direct flights were banned after the feud erupted. Almost none had shown up to the same event a year earlier.
The stakes of doing business with Qatar seemed a lot higher at the time because Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates were informally warning bankers that close ties with Doha could have consequences, according to some of the executives who declined to be identified because of the sensitivity of the subject. Central banks even demanded that lenders reveal their exposure to Qatari clients, people familiar had said.
Along with Bahrain and Egypt, the two countries were several months into an economic, diplomatic and political boycott of Qatar, which they accuse of financing terrorism and cozying up to Iran – allegations Doha denies.
More broadly, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, the kingdom’s young leader known as MBS, has made enemies with a series of aggressive foreign policies.
“MBS has changed the rules of the game in terms of Saudi domestic and economic policy, without much sense of what the new rules are,” said Gregory Gause, a professor of international affairs and a Saudi specialist at Texas A&M University.
“That is going to discourage investment. His risk-taking on the international scene is similarly going to cause doubts for international investors.”
For a while, the coercion worked. Bankers had spent years arranging cheap loans and bonds for the kingdom’s borrowers so they’d be favoured once more lucrative initial public offerings, mergers and acquisitions came to fruition.
With Aramco presumably months away from raising as much as US$100bil in an IPO and another US$40bil in privatisations on the horizon, staying on the fence was risky.
So, while they kept offices and staff in Doha and said nothing publicly about the political quandary, behind the scenes many chose to play it safe and distance themselves from Qatar, people said. Meanwhile, a lot of Qatari business started to be done from London or New York instead of Dubai, the Middle East’s financial hub.
HSBC, traditionally the region’s biggest dealmaker, hasn’t arranged a single public transaction in Qatar since the standoff started in June 2017, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. It worked on 15 bond sales in the country in the previous two years, the data show.
Japan’s Mizuho Bank Ltd wasn’t as careful. It was hired to help Qatar arrange US$12bil of bonds last year, but later quit the deal because officials from Saudi Arabia’s Debt Management Office made the bank choose which bond it wanted to work on, according to a person with direct knowledge of the events.
The peace offering wasn’t enough – the Saudis ended up kicking Mizuho off their US$11bil Eurobond, too. Mizuho declined to comment. The Debt Management Office didn’t respond to requests for comment.
Not everyone who played both sides got stung. Standard Chartered Plc arranged US$12bil of bonds for the Qatari government in 2018, and still managed to carve out another US$1.4bil from Saudi issuers. It overtook HSBC as the biggest manager of regional bonds for the first time as a result. — Bloomberg
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