Net profit for the six months ended June 30 fell to HK$353 million ($45.52 million) from HK$1.97 billion in the same period last year, Cathay said in a filing to the Hong Kong bourse on Wednesday.
The carrier said a slowdown in mainland China and "economic fragility" elsewhere had curbed corporate travel, hitting sales of lucrative premium class seats.
"The operating environment in the first half of 2016 was affected by economic fragility and intense competition," the firm's chairman John Slosar said in the filing.
In a bid to rein in costs, Cathay has stopped hiring and replacing non-critical staff and is "restricting non-essential discretionary spending", the company said, adding the same headwinds would remain in the second half of the year.
"The overall business outlook therefore remains challenging," said Slosar.
Broker BOCOM International said in a June report Cathay was facing challenges from delivery delays, forex losses from hedging, a rise in crude oil prices and increased airport fees.
Cathay saw profit surge over 90 percent last year as record low crude oil prices helped reduce fuel costs and a higher contribution from its affiliate Air China Ltd boosted income.
Its shares, in intra-day trade on Wednesday, suffered their biggest one-day percentage drop since August of last year. - Reuters
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