TOKYO: The Bank of Japan delivered its third shot of monetary stimulus in four months in a prelude to more aggressive action next year as it faces intensifying pressure from the country's next leader for bolder action to beat deflation.
It also signalled setting a higher inflation target at its next meeting in January, when a new government will be in place.
Shinzo Abe, whose opposition Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) won Sunday's election by a landslide, has put the central bank's independence on the line by repeatedly calling for a binding 2% inflation target, double its current price goal.
Feeling the heat, the central bank expanded its assetbuying and lending programme by 10 trillion yen (US$119bil) to 101 trillion yen, a widely expected move that barely moved markets.
“I take it as that the BoJ is carrying out what we sought during the election stepbystep,” Abe told a party meeting.
The incoming prime minister caused a brief stir when he said that BOJ Governor Masaaki Shirakawa had telephoned to inform him of the decision in the morning when the policy meeting was still taking place. The LDP later said the remark was a slip of the tongue and Shirakawa told a news conference he made the call in the afternoon, after the meeting was over.
With the latest move, the BOJ has expanded asset purchases five times this year, the most frequent activity during a single year in a decade. The last time it eased so many times was in 2001, when Japan was battling a domestic banking crisis.
”The next step is inflation targeting. The BOJ will come up with something that's just enough to avoid criticism from Abe but probably not enough to avoid some sense of disappointment,” said Masamichi Adachi, senior economist at JPMorgan Securities in Tokyo.
”Abe is not even prime minister yet. If you look at how the BOJ is behaving, you could argue this is a loss of independence.”
The BOJ now has a 1% inflation target in place, and defines a range of zero to 2% consumer inflation as a desirable level of longterm price growth.
The central bank said it would review that guideline next month. It will probably clarify that, after 1% inflation is in sight, it will aim to achieve 2% inflation.
Shirakawa admitted that Abe's request for setting a 2% inflation target was partly behind the central bank's decision to review its longterm price goal.
But he warned that in doing so, the BOJ would ensure that its policy flexibility was protected and take into account the fact that Japan has long suffered from deflation even as other advanced economies experienced inflation.
”We must bear in mind the fact that inflation has been low in Japan for a long time,” Shirakawa told a news conference.
Shirakawa has consistently argued that setting a 2% inflation target would be counterproductive in a country that has not seen consumer inflation exceed 1 % for most of the past two decades.
But Abe made a rare, direct push for a higher inflation target when Shirakawa visited the LDP's headquarters on Tuesday, saying that the central bank must pay heed to the fact that he won an election campaigning for bolder monetary stimulus.
Abe also said that once he takes over as primes minister on Dec 26 he would instruct his new cabinet ministers to begin working with the BOJ on setting a shared inflation target. - Reuters