BEBATU, Indonesia, Oct 19 (Reuters): Indonesian President Joko Widodo urged developed countries on Tuesday to commit to their pledge to provide financing for poorer countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions at this month's UN climate conference.
Rich countries have missed a target to raise US$100 billion a year to support developing countries in their climate action projects, which experts say could break down trust at the Oct. 31 - Nov 12 COP26 conference in the Scottish city of Glasgow.
"It's impossible if we don't get funding help. If we don't have the technology, it's also difficult," the president, who is popularly known as Jokowi, told Reuters on Tuesday after planting a patch of mangrove in the village of Bebatu on Borneo island.
Indonesia, the world's eight-biggest greenhouse gas emitter, has pledged to cut back its carbon emissions to 29% below business-as-usual by its own efforts, but with the help of international funding and transfer of technology, it believes it could increase the reduction to up to 41%.
The country earlier this year brought forward its long-term target to reach carbon neutrality to 2060 or sooner, from 2070 initially, which includes plans to phase out the use of coal-fired plants.
Jokowi said Indonesia wants to invest in renewable projects to capitalise on its potential in hydropower, geothermal, wind, solar and marine current and this will require billions of dollars of funding.
A government study has shown the South-East Asian country needs US$150 billion to US$200 billion per year in investment in low carbon programmes over the next nine years to meet its net zero emission goal.
"This is a big work. It needs investment, it needs technologies," Jokowi said, adding that he did not want "just talk" at COP26.
Indonesia has also launched a programme to restore 600,000 hectares of mangrove forest in the next three years to absorb carbon emission, Jokowi said.
European Union Executive Vice President Frans Timmermans told Reuters on Monday that the EU and the United States would meet their commitments, but he is still urging other rich countries to come on board.
"I think we still have a shot at getting to US$100 billion. I think it would be very important for Glasgow to do that. Also as a sign of thrust and confidence to the developing world," he said.
Indonesia would also promote sustainable economic growth when it takes over the G20 presidency in December, alongside an even economic recovery from the Covid-19 pandemic, Jokowi said.
"We want to fight for the chance for poor countries, developing countries, vulnerable groups, to get back on their feet and not get left behind by developed countries," he said. - Reuters