Chinese mainland registers a population of 1.41 billion, with an annual growth rate of 0.53% in the past decade, down from 0.57% recorded from 2000 to 2010.
Chinese aged 60 and above reached 264.02 million, or 18.70% of population, up 5.44 percentage points from 2010.
The latest population census shows that the sex ratio in China has kept heading to a more balanced direction.
The number of male in China has reached 723.34 million, accounting for 51.24 of the whole population, while the female reached 688.44 million, or 48.76 percent.
The male to female ratio stands at 105.07, which is a slight drop compared with that in 2010.
The sex ratio at birth is 111.3, falling 6.8 from that in the last census.
A total of 845,697 foreigners are living on the Chinese mainland, the latest national census showed, compared with 593,832 a decade ago.
Among them, 402,026 are male, said a report of the seventh national census, which was published
by the National Bureau of Statistics yesterday.
The foreigners are among about 1.43 million overseas residents in China by November, the report said, which also include residents from Hong Kong (371,380), Macau (55,732) and Taiwan (157,886).
Around 600,000 of them have lived in China for more than five years, compared with about 40,000 whose stay is less than three months, it said.
More than 77,000 came to China for business, about 444,000 for employment, and about 219,000 for education. Around 420,000 came to settle down and 74,000 to pay visits to family members, the report said.
The coastal province of Guangdong has the largest number of overseas residents at about 418,000, followed by Yunnan province (379,281), Shanghai (163,954), Fujian province (106,248) and Beijing (62,812).
China is home to 56 ethnic groups. The steady growth of the population of ethnic groups excluding Han has fully showcased the balanced development of people all ethnic groups, the latest census added.
The latest population census shows that more people are moving to developed regions and city clusters in the eastern region. — China Daily/ANN