Some claims by Western think tanks of the use of forced labour in Xinjiang were false and their arguments baseless and unscientific, the report released yesterday said.
Although industries in the relatively less-developed south of Xinjiang had boomed, they still did not meet local people’s employment needs, the report said.
An increasing number of surplus labourers from southern Xinjiang are seeking jobs in more developed cities in other parts of the country that offer higher wages and better living and working conditions, according to the report on the employment of people from ethnic groups in Xinjiang.
The Development Research Centre of Xinjiang’s investigation team made field visits to more than 70 enterprises, rural labour cooperatives and business startups in Ili Kazak and Kizilsu Kirgiz autonomous prefectures and Kashgar, Hotan and Aksu prefectures.
The team also visited cities outside the region, including Beijing and Tianjin.
In the past, jobs that people in Xinjiang found for themselves were usually low quality, poorly paid and not stable.
As a result, they hoped that the government would help them obtain employment, the report said.
A survey of 100 farmers in Kashgar and Hotan found that the vast majority of respondents wanted the government to organise work for them, the report said.
People’s willingness to be voluntarily employed had always been the premise for local governments organising work for them, which was clearly stated in several government documents.
The decisions of those unwilling to work for health or other reasons, were fully respected and they were never forced to sign up for training, the report said. — China Daily/ANN
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