Using electricity as fuel for transport is possible for public transportation.
Unknown to many, an electric bus had been used in trial runs plying RapidKL routes in the Klang Valley for six months. The trial, which started last September, ended in February.
“The electric bus is similar to the 2,000 buses that have been in use in China since 2010,” said Malaysian Green Technology Corporation (GreenTech Malaysia) chief executive officer Ahmad Hadri Haris.
The non-profit organisation under the purview of the Energy, Green Technology and Water Ministry (KeTTHA) was tasked to facilitate green technology deployment in the country with full fledge commercial models instead of prototype electric vehicles (EV).
“This reduces anxiety and speeds up public adoption. The trial was to see how the bus could be operated and adapted to the local climate and traffic patterns, with the exception of the charging mechanism,” he said.
The electric bus can run between 250km and 300km or six hours on a full charge.
Imported by Amdac (M) Sdn Bhd in partnership with China’s BYD Auto, Ahmad Hadri said this is one example of a private initiative to encourage EV penetration in the country.
Costing between RM1.2mil and RM1.5mil each, depending on specification, the buses are almost double the price of an advanced diesel bus.
During the trial, sand bags were used to simulate the weight of a realistic passenger load.
Having travelled over 15,000km by the end of the trial without breakdown or an oil change, he said the bus required minimal maintenance. All it needs is an electric charger at the bus depot.
Malacca’s public bus operator, Panaroma Melaka Sdn Bhd, had also been using a similar bus since January.
“The operator is happy with it. They are expected to lease five of these buses by the end of this year from Amdac, and another 15 next year.
He said RapidBus will also lease some buses for their Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Bandar Sunway service which would be implemented next year.He said the future of the electric buses in the country would depend on how these vehicles fair in use with Sunway BRT and Malacca.
Ahmad Hadri said the government is allocating a RM70mil soft loan uner the Sustainable Mobility Fund to encourage bus operators to implement this option.
The government is also setting a policy to encourage the use of EVs in Malaysia.
Through the scheme, bus operators would be able to secure loans from SME Bank at 4% interest rate for up to 10 years repayment to buy these buses.
GreenTech will also introducing electric passenger cars within the next two months.
Under the Cohesive Mobility Solution (Comos), a partnership between GreenTech Malaysia, CMS Consortium Sdn Bhd and the Malaysia Automotive Institute, the public can rent the car from their smartphones and collect the vehicle at designated charging stations.
The cost of renting the cars is expected to be RM15 an hour.
Ahmad Hadri said, for a start 30 five-seater Renault Zoe vehicles with a range of 200km, would be introduced in the Klang Valley.
However, he said, their biggest challenge now is to find a location than can be turned it into a station to park and charge the cars.
He said they prefer to have their facilities located nearer to the LRT stations.
“We are also keen to extend the services to high-traffic areas such as shopping malls.”
He said they are finding it difficult to work with building owners who are not keen to support the project.
Ahmad said the ministry and Malaysian Electricity Supply Industries Trust Account (Mesita) had allocated RM3mil to built the stations.
A similar scheme will also be introduced in Langkawi, where two-seat Renault Twizzy vehicles will be used, he said.
The car can run for 150km.
“To encourage the move, a tax deduction would be given to companies that participated in the programme.”
Ahmad Hadri said he hopes to see the initiative gain momentum and encourage private electric-vehicle ownership.
However, because EVs accounted for less than 1% of vehicles sold last year, he does not think this will be realistic.
“Only if 20,000 EVs are sold will we see or anticipate car manufacturers entering the market,” he said.
Perhaps tax incentives for EV could encourage people to own the vehicles.
He said the effect could be seen when the Government introduced special incentives for hybrid cars.
The sales of hybrid vehicles soared from 138 in 2010 to 13,506 last year.
According to some studies, EVs consume 73% less energy than ordinary cars and their use could lead to a 21% reduction in CO² emissions.
“We all want to be a developed nation, but not at the expense of the environment,” he concluded.