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Friday, 10 January 2014

It’s hard to tell if stories are true or false in North Korea

In the news: A man showing a report on the exhibition basketball match in a North Korean newspaper. -AFP

In the news: A man showing a report on the exhibition basketball match in a North Korean newspaper. -AFP

SEOUL: Determining whether stories about North Korea are true or false means delving into a very wide, grey area where the genuinely surreal mixes confusingly with the patently absurd.

For example, which of these reports about leader Kim Jong-Un appears – at least on paper – the more likely?

That he executed his uncle by feeding him naked to a pack of starving dogs, or that his birthday celebrations in Pyongyang were led by a serenade from a former cross-dressing, NBA all-star with a penchant for facial piercings and celebrity wrestling?

The latter is borne out by a YouTube video showing ex-Chicago Bulls guard Dennis Rodman’s off-tune rendition of “Happy Birthday” before an exhibition basketball match watched by Kim on Wednesday.

On the other hand, the death-by-dog story, which was picked up by some international media, was apparently based on a satirical tweet posted on a Chinese website. This was then picked up by Chinese newspaper Wen Wei Po, leading to shocked headlines in the Western media.

Differentiating fact from fiction is particularly difficult when it comes to North Korea given the country’s profound isolation, which makes any story not sanctioned by its highly secretive regime almost impossible to verify.

At the same time, international interest in what goes on in North Korea is enormous, especially when it comes to sensational stories that satisfy a widespread perception of the country as brutal, backward and bizarre.

These factors combine to create a cavernous media echo chamber that provides resonance and substance to rumour and speculation.

Elements can then be cherry-picked and put together into a sensational news item, as happened with the rumours swirling around Kim’s purge and execution of his uncle and political mentor Jang Song-Thaek last month.

A number of these elements originated from the mainstream South Korean media and North Korean defector-run websites – both of which, analysts note, have a vested interest in painting the North and its leadership as a source of unimaginable horror.

Choi Jung-Hoon, director of the Free North Korea radio station in Seoul, said the media frenzy surrounding Jang’s execution had proved particularly fertile ground.

“News from such a closed country like the North still remains limited ... leaving unconfirmed speculation to fill the void,” Choi, himself a defector, said. — AFP

Tags / Keywords: north korea


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