PUTRAJAYA: Students performed significantly better in SPM History which was made a compulsory pass subject from last year.The percentage of candidates who passed History in 2013 increased by 6.3%, up from 80.3% in 2012 to 86.6%. Despite the better performance, the must-pass ruling contributed to a higher percentage of candidates not obtaining SPM certificates.
Education director-general Datuk Dr Khair Mohamad Yusof (pic) said the percentage of candidates who were able to obtain SPM certificates fell from 91.2% in 2012 to 85.5% last year.
He said the 5.7% drop was not the direct result of History being made a must-pass subject starting from 2013.
“The History must-pass ruling may have had an impact in the fall in the percentage of students receiving the SPM certificate but a combination of factors contributed to the fewer students qualifying for SPM certificates.
“For instance, candidates who passed History but failed Bahasa Melayu would still not be able to obtain the SPM certificate,” Dr Khair said when revealing the analysis of the 2013 SPM results yesterday.
The other must-pass subject is Bahasa Melayu.
Dr Khair said candidates who failed History and Bahasa Melayu could resit the papers in June and July.
As for Bahasa Melayu, the percentage who passed was 91.4% in 2013 compared with 91.1% in 2012. Despite the ruckus created last year over the alleged changes to the Moral Studies paper, students’ results were still marginally better compared to 2012.
Dr Khair said the overall SPM achievement in 2013 improved from the year before, with the National Average Grade (GPN) at 4.93 compared with 5.08 in 2012.
The lower the GPN the better the performance of students.
A total of 405 candidates (0.21%) out of 442,588 scored straight A+ in all papers.
Of the top scorers, 366 were from national schools while 39 were from other schools or private candidates.
A total of 11,892 candidates iscored straight As in all subjects.
On the comparison of performance by location, Dr Khair said the candidates from rural schools scored GPN points of 5.28 whereas candidates from urban schools scored 4.68.
“The performance gap has narrowed to 0.60, compared with 0.61 in 2012,” he said.
The maximum number of subjects that students are allowed to take for the SPM is capped at 12.