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Teh Tarik

Published: Thursday January 22, 2015 MYT 7:00:00 AM
Updated: Friday January 23, 2015 MYT 9:09:00 AM

A lesson in moderation... from the Germans

Thousands of Germans are standing up against anti-Muslim groups. What can Malaysia learn from this?

Whenever some NGO protests that Muslims in Malaysia are “under threat” from minorities who don’t hold the levers of power in this country (the latest one being that K-pop is a “Kristian” conspiracy to undermine Islam), one wonders what the “silent majority” can do?

To answer that, perhaps we can look at what’s happening in Germany.

For the past three months, a group there called Pegida (the German acronym for “Patriotic Europeans against Islamisation of the West”) has had weekly demonstrations against an alleged “Muslim threat” from radicals and refugees. From an initial few hundred protestors, the numbers grew to 25,000 two weeks ago, after the Charlie Hebdo killings.

But... what is amazing is that an estimated 100,000 people throughout Germany staged counter-protests against Pegida. Some of them held brooms in a symbolic gesture to “sweep away” racism and intolerance.

In response to earlier protests, the lights at Cologne’s landmark cathedral were switched off as a Pegida rally was due to pass by, as a sign of religious disapproval. And the city’s Archbishop Rainer Maria Woelki called on Germans to show compassion, rather than prejudice, towards Muslim refugees. 

Similarly, German Chancellor Angela Merkel urged, in her New Year speech, people not to follow Pegida “for their hearts are cold and often full of prejudice, and even hate.”

a Berlin against Nazis banner to protest against Germanys anti-Islamic movement on Jan 10.
(Above) A "Berlin Against Nazis" banner to protest against Germany's anti-Islamic movement on Jan 10. (Below) A poster reads "Everybody laughs in the same language" as thousands participate in a rally for cultural openness in Dresden on Jan 10 in response to anti-Muslim protests from Pegida.
One poster reads Everybody laughs in the same language as thousands participate in a rally for cultural openness in Dresden on Jan 10 in response to anti-Muslim protests from Pegida.

Last week, at a rally organised by the Central Council of Muslims in Germany at Berlin’s iconic Brandenburg Gate, the Chancellor joined in and said, “Hatred, racism and extremism have no place in this country... Islam belongs to Germany”.

German President Joachim Gauck, a former pastor, added during the rally that, “Germany has become more diverse through immigration – religiously, culturally and mentally. This diversity has made our country successful, interesting and likeable.”

How could such amazingly moderate and multicultural political statements come from a country which, just 70 years ago, was following a Nazi ideology based on German racial supremacy?

I was reminded of some chats over beer with some German tourists in Thailand some time back. “At school, we learn about how the Nazis came to power,” said one of them. “Don’t forget that Hitler was democratically elected as a leader.”

After reading up on the Internet, I found that German students do indeed have extensive discussions and lessons (sometimes too much) about the dangers of fascist and racist ideologies. They learn that after the 1929 economic crash, there was mass unemployment and social unrest in Germany which Hitler’s Nazis exploited to attract popular support, blaming the country’s ills on the Jews and foreigners. 

His answer to the weak coalition governments then was strong leadership and “unity”, as epitomised by the slogan: Ein Volk, Ein Reich, Ein Führer – “One People, One Nation, One Leader”.

A man holds an umbrella with a poster reading Peace We are Charlie We are not Pegida during a rally to protest against Germanys anti-Islamic movement Patriotic Europeans Against the Islamisation of the Occident PEGIDA, on January 12, 2015 near the Chancellery in Berlin. Pegida movement was set to march in Dresden and other cities in Germany for their weekly demonstration since autumn 2014, hoping to gain numbers after the jihadist bloodshed in Paris, that killed 17 people, most at the Paris offices of satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo.AFP PHOTO / TOBIAS SCHWARZ
A man holds an umbrella with a poster reading "Peace. We are Charlie. We are not Pegida" during a rally to protest against Germany's anti-Islamic movement Patriotic Europeans Against the Islamisation of the Occident (PEGIDA) on Jan 12, 2015 near the Chancellery in Berlin. – AFP/Tobias Schwarz

Students also learn that one way the Nazis could brainwash ordinary Germans into supporting its ethnic cleansing was by controlling religion. In 1936, a National Reich Church was created with a Nazi elected as Bishop of the Church. Its members called themselves Deutsche Christen (“German Christians”) with “the Swastika on their chest and the Cross in their heart” and many of the nationalistic and racial aspects of Nazi ideology were incorporated.

School groups also visit former concentration camps where millions of Jews, Slavs, Gypsies and German political opponents were exterminated.

After decades of such progressive education policies warning against the racist ideologies of fascism, it’s not surprising that 100,000 Germans could come out in the streets recently to protest in favour of a minority ­– the Muslims.

(In contrast, conservative Japanese politicians have long tried to downplay or gloss over the horrors of World War 2 such as the Nanjing massacre and sex slaves in their school’s text books. So, while former wartime enemies Germany and France are now firm friends jointly leading the European Union, old wounds still fester between Japan and China.)

Of course, the German education policies have not had perfect results. It’s said that discrimination still exists against Turks and Poles who live in Germany for instance, but what’s important is that the country’s political and religious leaders have set the agenda for harmony.

Anti-Muslim Pegida protestors holding a poster mocking German Chancellor Angela Merkel for trying to be promote tolerance towards Muslims, during their march in Dresden, Germany on Jan 12. This is similar to Internet attacks accusing Marina Mahathir of murtad or apostasy.
Anti-Muslim Pegida protesters holding a poster mocking German Chancellor Angela Merkel for trying to be promote tolerance towards Muslims, during their march in Dresden, Germany on Jan 12.

In Malaysia, the closest parallel to the German support for Muslims was seen one year ago. On the Sunday morning of Jan 5, 2014, certain groups had threatened massed protests at Klang’s main catholic church against the Christian use of the word “Allah”. But instead of angry crowds, parishioners were greeted by the sight of 20 non-Christians bearing flowers, including social activist Datin Paduka Marina Mahathir and friends from Sisters in Islam (SIS).

“We are here to show solidarity with the congregation. A lot of us here are Muslims and we believe Islam is a religion of peace. It is not something that we only say (in words), but there must also be action,” she told journalists outside the church.

Yet, for her brave action to foster religious harmony, she was condemned then by groups like Perkasa. In October, SIS was tarred by a fatwa from the Selangor Islamic Religious Council (Mais) as being “religious deviationist” because it allegedly subscribed to “liberalism and religious pluralism”. Recently, Marina was denied entry, for the fifth time, into a government university even though students had invited her for discussions.;

A Google search of “Marina Mahathir” throws up “murtad” (renounced Islam) as one of the top items, with lots of links alleging her “apostasy”. Such low-brow tactics are chillingly similar to what the German anti-Muslim groups have done after Angela Merkel spoke up against them – they manipulated a photo of her to wear a tudung or hijab.

Muslims in Malaysia surely don’t like to see Muslims in Germany being unreasonably labelled a “threat” and bullied by racist groups like Pegida – and they must be glad that tens of thousands of ordinary Germans, plus top political and religious leaders, have spoken up for “liberalism and religious pluralism” to ensure tolerance for all.

But how will Muslims here respond the next time certain groups allege that Christians, K-pop fans, or other powerless minorities, are a so-called “threat”?

The futures of Germany and Malaysia will be determined by what each country’s majority community decide to do. We can only hope that each nation will choose the right way forward.

■ Andrew Sia prefers full-bodied teh tarik over weak-tasting English tea any day.

Tags / Keywords: ModerateMY

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No to Nazism, no to racism. A rally by moderate Germans as a counter-protest against Pegida and its anti-Muslim demonstrations.

A lesson in moderation... from the Germans

22 January 2015

Thousands in Germany are standing up against anti-Muslim groups. What can Malaysia learn from this?

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