People

Published: Saturday August 16, 2014 MYT 12:00:00 AM
Updated: Saturday August 16, 2014 MYT 5:02:49 PM

Go tell it on the mountains: Kashmiri centenarians and the secrets of life

Pakistan has been named one of the worst places for old folks, but Kashmir’s centenarians say mountain life – hard work, clean air, no fast food – is the key to their longevity. 

He may be more than a century old, but Hafeezullah still goes to work every day. With the aid of a cane, the wizened white-bearded centenarian tends to his fields in Pakistan’s hauntingly beautiful Neelum Valley, just as he did when Britain ruled this part of the world.

Pakistan was recently named by the UN as one of the worst countries in the world to be for an old person, in a report that cited insecurity and lack of freedom for those over 60. But a dozen or so centenarians like Hafeezulah, living in a remote region of Kashmir, are bucking that trend and putting their longevity down to simple mountain lifestyle.

Situated in the Lower Himalayan Range, the Neelum Valley is formed by a 200km-long river and is home to some of the most spectacular scenery on the planet. Craggy, snow-peaked mountains, waterfalls and green pastures surround the village of Chattah where there are a dozen men and women claiming to be at least a century old.

Hafeezullah says he's 132, which would make him the oldest person in the world – although Pakistan’s National Database And Registration Authority (NADRA) says he's a comparatively more youthful 107.

A slightly built man with a face as jagged as the mountains surrounding him, he says a healthy diet of mainly fresh produce and occasional meat is the reason behind his longevity. He's lived through the days of British India and witnessed Partition, but says the thing he remembers most fondly is the low cost of living during his youth.

“We used to eat vegetables and pulses. We dumped the dried vegetables in land during the winter season and then dug them up and ate them in summer,” he says, referring to the natural system of freezing produce under snow-covered ground.

He has outlived three wives, but his fourth, Issem Jan, dedicates herself to helping him live as long as possible. “I do whatever I can for him. I take care of everything for him. I serve him a lot and God will give me his reward,” says the 70-year-old as she massages his legs.

TO GO WITH Lifestyle-Pakistan-social-senior-citizens  by Sajjad QayyumIn this photograph taken on December 1, 2013, 107-year-old Pakistani Kashmiri Hafeezullah poses with his his national identity card to confirm his age at his home in the village of Chattah in the mountainous region of Upper Neelum Valley in Pakistani-administered Kashmir.  Pakistan was recently named by the UN as one of the worst countries in the world to be for an old person in a report that cited insecurity and lack of freedom for those over 60.     AFP PHOTO / Sajjad QAYYUM
Hafeezullah poses with his national identity card to confirm his age. – All photos AFP
Old is gold: 107-year-old Pakistani Kashmiri Hafeezullah and his 70-year-old wife Issem Jan making their way back home in the village of Chattah in the mountainous region of Upper Neelum Valley in Pakistani-administered Kashmir. (Inset) Kashmiri posing with his national identity card to confirm his age. - AFP
Hafeezullah says he's 132 but official records show him at 107. His wife, Issem Jan, is 37 years younger, not that their age difference – he's old enough to be her father – bothers anyone in their village.
Kashmiri with his extended family in the village of Chattah in the mountainous region of Upper Neelum Valley in Pakistani-administered Kashmir.
Hafeezullah with his extended family in the village of Chattah in the mountainous region of Upper Neelum Valley in Pakistani-administered Kashmir.
TO GO WITH Lifestyle-Pakistan-social-senior-citizens  by Sajjad QayyumIn this photograph taken on December 1, 2013, 107-year-old Pakistani Kashmiri Hafeezullah recites from the Koran at his home in the village of Chattah in the mountainous region of Upper Neelum Valley in Pakistani-administered Kashmir.  Pakistan was recently named by the UN as one of the worst countries in the world to be for an old person in a report that cited insecurity and lack of freedom for those over 60.     AFP PHOTO / Sajjad QAYYUM

Chattah and nearby villages are 2,000m above sea level and are cut off from the rest of the country for almost six months because of the snow. The altitude also increases red blood cell production in the body, and the crisp air is free from the kind of choking pollution that blights Pakistan’s major cities.

Despite being a favoured tourism spot, Neelum Valley is relatively untouched by time and traditional farming methods, including the use of bullocks to plough fields and minimal use of pesticides, are still practised. There are no nearby markets, no fast food, and villagers are for the most part self-sufficient.

“The farmers still use bulls to plough their fields. This an old system of agriculture,” says the headman of the village, Abdul Khaliq, 75. He adds that young men and women get up early in the morning around 4am and work till sunset, busying themselves with farm tasks like chopping wood, carpentry and tending to their livestock – another factor contributing to their health.

Mohammad Shapal Khan, an senior NADRA official, says only 60% of the region’s population have so far been added to federal data, but each village in the valley has a dozen or so people in their nineties or hundreds. In stark contrast, the average life expectancy in Pakistan is 64 for men and 66 for women, according to the World Health Organisation.

The UN-backed Global Age Watch Index named Pakistan as one of the three worst places in the world to grow old in, and the worst in terms of so-called “enabling environment” which includes security and freedom of movement.

Sabat Khan, another elderly local who claims he's 102 although official records place him at 92, says his idyllic homeland and lack of ill-health were responsible for his long life. “It is thanks to God’s blessing that I’m healthy,” he says, surrounded by a multitude of grandchildren. “I’ve rarely been sick and now I’m an old man.” – AFP

Tags / Keywords: Pakistan, Kashmir, longevity, mountain, centenarian

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